From the initial points of introduction in the Northeast, M. spicatumhas spread to 45 states and at least three Canadian provinces. 1986. Misc. Aquatic weevils (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) associated with northern watermilfoil (Myriophyllum sibiricum) in Alberta, Canada. 2007. Evaluation of invasions and declines of submersed macrophytes for the Upper Great Lakes Region. Martin, W.C. and C. R. Hutchins. 2004. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2007. Aquatic Plant Mapping for 36 King County Lakes. New Mexico aquatic invasive species management plan. Aquatic Invasive Species: (AIS) Plants Documented in RI Freshwaters. Creed, R. P., and S. P. Sheldon. Stem fragments are important for the colonization of new habitats while local colony expansion occurs mainly by stolons (Aiken et al. 2007. Freshwater and Marine Plants of Rhode Island. Its presence in the Rio Grande has caused concern for regional irrigation systems (NMAISAC 2008). Additions to the Flora of South Carolina. Field Guide to Aqautic Invasive Species: Identification, collection and reporting of aquatic invasive in Ontario waters. Environmental Entomology. 2011). Typical water-milfoil habitat includes fresh to brackish water of fish ponds, lakes, slow-moving streams, reservoirs, and canals. 1973. In studies in Finland, chemicals secreted by M. spicatum caused high mortality (73% to 89%) of the mysids Neomysis integer and Praunus flexuosus (Lindén and Lethiniemi 2005). 1993. Louisiana State University Center for Wetland Resources, Baton Rouge, LA. Misc. Freshwater and low saline parts of bays. Light Attenuating Dyes. 2 pp. Michigan Sea Grant and the Great Lakes Restoration Initative. 1996. Couch, R., and E. Nelson. Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (OISAP). Welling, C. 2013. Harvesting and carbohydrate accumulation in Eurasian watermilfoil. US Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS. http://corpslakes.usace.army.mil/employees/invasive/isps/index.cfm. 2010). The effect of the weevil Euhrychiopsis lecontei on Eurasian Watermilfoil: results from Brownington Pond and Norton Brook Pond. (1995) found growth and vigor of a warm-water fishery reduced by dense Eurasian water-milfoil cover. Follow all label instructions. Smart. Steward KK, Nelson LL. Boylen. Upwellings. 1968. Available http://www.miseagrant.umich.edu/files/2012/12/06-710-EWM-milfoil-2012rev.pdf. Louisiana State University Herbarium - Vascular Plants. http://dnr.wi.gov/lakes/invasives/AISByWaterbody.aspx. 1980. 1996. 2012. Potential:  If concentrations of nitrate are high, M. spicatum can absorb nitrogen from the sediments or the water (Best and Mantai 1978). Smart, G.O. Weevils and watermilfoil: Did a North American herbivore cause the decline of an exotic plant? 2002. Kight, J. Geographic distribution and genotypic composition of invasive hybrid watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum x M. sibiricum) populations in North America. 1998. Sheldon, S.P., and R. P. Creed. Accessed on 11/20/2015. Sutherland. 1996. 18-19 in Abstracts Thirty-sixth Annual Meeting of the Aquatic Plant Management Society, Inc. July 14-17 1996, Burlington, VT. Arizona State University. http://dnr.wi.gov/lakes/invasives/AISByWaterbody.aspx. Gainesville, Florida. Oecologia 106: 337-344. Boylen. 74 pp. This species could be used in remediation efforts where the plants are grown in contaminated water and harvested before the leaves can break down and release the contaminants. Steinauer, and D.M. Created on 09/08/2011. Washington State Department of Ecology, Lacey, WA. New Mexico Aquatic Invasive Species Advisory Council. Upwellings. state centroids or Canadian provinces). Annual Report. 1994b. Non-native Invasive Freshwater Plants - Myriophyllum spicatum (Eurasian Watermilfoil). 2013. Jacono, and M.M. Milfoil is an invasive species introduced to the Chesapeake Bay. 2011. Lind, C.T., and G. Cottam. Crow. Creed, R. P., S. P. Sheldon, and D. M. Cheek. Dense mats of Eurasian watermilfoil can support the weight of frogs and wading birds (Aiken et al. 1996. J. Zool. 1990. Accessed on 09/02/2015. Washington State Department of Ecology, Environmental Investigations and Laboratory Services Program, Olympia, WA. The occurrence of sixteen species including Potamogeton illinoensis and Potamogeton pectinatus may be indicaters of conditions suitable for Eurasian water-milfoil invasion. Distribution of Eurasian watermilfoil Myriophyllum spicatum in the St. Clair-Detroit River system in 1978. http://www.agri.idaho.gov/Categories/PlantsInsects/NoxiousWeeds/indexnoxweedmain.php. 1996. Typical habitat for Eurasian watermilfoil includes fresh to brackish water of fish ponds, lakes, slow-moving streams, reservoirs, estuaries, and canals.. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. Reardon, and A. E. Miller. Pennsylvania Flora Project. Lacustrine (in lakes or ponds), riverine (in rivers or streams) Characteristics. Ceska, O. and A. Ceska. 2011c. 8-18 in L.W.J. https://extension.purdue.edu/extmedia/ws/ws_21.pdf. 13(4):757-765. Invasive species profile system. Accessed on 09/08/2015. Lillie, R.A., and J. Budd. 36 pp. Anderson [ed.] Proceedings: 26th Annual Meeting, Aquatic Plant Control Research Program. It is listed as a noxious or otherwise restricted plant in 17 states (in NYS Eurasian watermilfoil is classified as “pro… Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC). Sea Grant Publication No. Pp. 3 pp. 1973. Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway. Eurasian Water-Milfoil: Myriophyllum spicatum. International Journal of Plant Sciences 162(4): 793—799. Can. Aquatic Plant Management Society, Vicksburg, MS. Creed Jr., R. P. 1998. Leu, E., A. Krieger-Liszkay, C. Goussias, and E. M. Gross. 1991. Note: Check state/provincial and local regulations for the most up-to-date information regarding permits for control methods. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19(1):1-54. Nuisance Aquatic Plants and Aquatic Plant Management Programs in the United States. Vol. Michigan State University. University of Michigan. Liquid triclopyr will provide effective control of Eurasian watermilfoil and is safe to use around grasses and cattails (IL DNR 2009, Lembi 2003). Brittonia 33(1):57-69. Distribution of selected aquatic plant species in Louisiana. However, generally grass carp are not recommended for Eurasian watermilfoil control (Washington State Department of Ecology 2013). Bargeron, C. T., D.J. Oral Roberts University, Tulsa, OK. New Mexico Aquatic Invasive Species Advisory Council (NMAISAC). 1988. 1990. Natural Areas Journal 14:175-187. Moorehead, G.K. Douce, R.C. Johnson, R. L. and B. Blossey. US Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS. http://corpslakes.usace.army.mil/employees/invasive/isps/index.cfm. Kroken, and R. C. Anderson. Use of native macrophytes as indicators of suitable Eurasian watermilfoil habitat in Wisconsin lakes. Ecology of Eurasian watermilfoil. Aquatic Plant Management Society, Vicksburg, Mississippi. Myriophyllum spicatum is also susceptible to ultrasound pulses and this could prove to be a more selective physical method of control (USACE 2011c). 35(1): 121-126. Frey. Phytologia 36: 417-436. Statewide Freshwater Fisheries Monitoring and Management Program, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, TX. Sutherland, J.A. Botany Department, Morris Arboretum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Perkins, M.A., and M.D. Anderson [ed.] Journal of Iowa Academy of Science 97(4):127-132. Walton, S.P. Myriophyllum Haloragaceae species in British Columbia: problems with identification. The submerged aquatics of University Bay: a study in eutrophication. Bloomfield, L.W. http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=1428. Madsen et al. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. http://michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=1428. Distribution of Eurasian watermilfoil Myriophyllum spicatum in the St. Clair-Detroit River system in 1978. Washington State Department of Ecology. Grue. Lembi. Invasions and declines of submersed macrophytes in Lake George and other Adirondack lakes. Nuisance Aquatic Plants and Aquatic Plant Management Programs in the United States. U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment 1993. 1970. The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. In Minnesota, it is illegal to possess, import, purchase, sell, propagate, transport or introduce Eurasian watermilfoil (Invasive Species Program 2011). Schuyler, A.E., S.B. Comparison of leaf morphology among submersed species of Myriophyllum (Haloragaceae) from different habitats and geographical distributions. Report A-92-2. Localized control (in swimming areas and around docks) can be achieved by covering the sediment with an opaque fabric which blocks light from the plants (bottom barriers or screens). Utah Wildlife, Division of Wildlife Resources, Department of Natural Resources, UT. 2004. Myriophyllum spicatum dies back in the fall, but the root system can survive the winter (Perkins and Sytsma 1987; Titus and Adams 1979). Accessed on 11/20/2015. 1997. Clean Boats, Clean Waters. Road checks in Minnesota have found aquatic vegetation on 23% of all trailered watercraft inspected (Bratager 1996). We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils. 2007. First collected in Hall and Lancaster counties in 1980, has since spread to Merrick, Fillmore, Dakota, Greeley, Wheeler and … Journal of Great Lakes Research 10:322-326. Plant fragments can be transported via wind, waves, or by human activity (Kimbel 1982). http://aknhp.uaa.alaska.edu/maps-js/integrated-map/akepic.php#. 10:35-37. Ohio Journal of Science 95(3):261-266. 3 pp. 2012. A World Catalogue of Agents and Their Target Weeds, 4th Edition. According to an economic study conducted in New Hampshire, the value of property adjacent to waterbodies with large submerged aquatic plants was reduced by 15% or more (Halstead et al. Eurasian watermilfoil locations 2007 - 2014. http://fwp.mt.gov/fishAndWildlife/species/ais/speciesId/plants.html?id=eurasianWatermilfoil#eurasianWatermilfoil. Moorehead, G.K. Douce, R.C. 1993. Carlson. Accessed 23 April 2013. The effect of harvesting on macrophyte regrowth and water quality in LaDue Reservoir, Ohio. Clean Boats, Clean Waters. Creed, R. P., and S. P. Sheldon. http://www.agri.idaho.gov/Categories/PlantsInsects/NoxiousWeeds/indexnoxweedmain.php. Lake and Reservoir Management 10(1):53-55. Aquatic Botany 45: 245-256. Couch. New York Department of Environmental Conservation. Bowen, D. 2010. Guidelines for CLean Boats, Clean Waters: Michigan's Aquatic Invasive Species Volunteer Program Handbook. U.S. Polyphenolic allelochemicals from the aquatic angiosperm Myriophyllum spicatum inhibit photosystem II. 39-50 in: L.W.J. USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. 2005. Plant Guide for Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum L.). 201 pp. Freshwater lakes, ponds, and slow moving areas of rivers and streams. 1954. Realized: Myrophyllum spicatum is one of the few species that is capable of shading out the invasive curly pondweed, Potamogeton crispus (Aiken et al. Eurasian Watermilfoil. Jessee, B.R. 4 in: R.G. Accessed 23 April 2013. Select a category . 2002. Smith, C.G., and Barko, J.W. 1996. 1979). 1993. 1987. Welling and D. Wright. LSU-T-79-003. Euhrychiopsis lecotei feeds on the new growth of M. spicatum and can help keep populations under control; it is common for the populations of for E. lecotei and M. spicatum to exhibit the classic predator-prey cycles (Creed Jr. and Sheldon 1995, Michigan Sea Grant 2012). Technical Report A-96-6, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS. Smith, G.E. The most troublesome aquatic weeds of Alabama. 2011a. The chemical ecology of three species of Myriophyllum (Angiospermae, Haloragaceae). Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Woodruff, Wisconsin. M. spicatum is a perennial that flowers twice a year, typically mid-June and late-July, followed by autofragmentation of the plant after each flowering (Nichols 1975; Patten 1956). 2004. 1993). Idaho Aqautic Nuisance Species Plant. 3pp. Models were generated using statistical Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, MO. The uptake and distribution of selenium in three aquatic plants grown in Se(IV) solution. Identification and management of Eurasian Water Milfoil in Wisconsin. Jessee, B.R. Morgantown, WV. Vegetative spread of Eurasian watermilfoil in Lake George, New York. 1994. Moody, M. L., and D. H. Les. For additional information on the use of E. lecotie, please check this link: Invasive Plants of the Eastern U.S.: http://www.dnr.state.il.us/stewardship/cd/biocontrol/6eurasianmilfoil.html, GLERL 4840 S. State Rd., Ann Arbor, MI 48108-9719 (734) 741-2235 Mobile Delta Submersed Aquatic Vegetation Survey, 1994. Created on 02/01/2011. Nakai, S., G. Zou, T. Okuda, W. Nishijima, M. Hosomi, and M. Okada. Lodge. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 1993. McDonald, and B.D. Solarz, S. L., and R. M. Newman. 1985. Leach, J.T. 4 pp. Carlson. 2. Technical Report A-96-6, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS. Smith, G.E. Habitat. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS. Hutchinson, G.E. ... Habitat. (Photo by Will Parson/Chesapeake Bay Program) Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort, KY. Benson, A. J., C.C. Nichols, S.A. 1994. Eurasian water-milfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum). Sutherland, J.A. Available http://www.miseagrant.umich.edu/files/2012/12/06-710-EWM-milfoil-2012rev.pdf. Lake and Reservoir Management 10(1):19-23. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Annapolis, MD. Eurasian watermilfoil database. Ecology 59(5): 1075—1080. Titus, J.E., and M.S. Waterfront property owners in Michigan spend an estimate $20 million annually to control aquatic invasive plants—primarily Eurasian watermilfoil and curly lead pondweed ( Michigan Sea Grant Coastal Program 2007). Eurasian Water-Milfoil: Myriophyllum spicatum. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation, Waterbury, VT. Crow, G.E., and C.B. Creed, R. P., and S. P. Sheldon. Prohibitied Species in the Great Lakes Region. Cooke, G.D., A.B. EWM can be found throughout the United States because it is able to thrive in a wide range of environmental conditions in lakes, ponds, connecting waters, and streams provided they are low energy environments (i.e., slow flowing waters with little wave action). Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, Florida. Heavy metal biomonitoring and phytoremediation potentialities of aquatic macrophytes in River Nile. Effects of submersed macrophytes on ecosystem process. 2014. Gustafson, T.D., and M.S. It likes heavily used lakes, disturbed lake beds, and lakes that get a lot of nitrogen and phosphorous runoff. It was introduced to the U.S. in the early 1940's. It has now become a major nuisance species throughout most of the northern US. Harmon, P.J., J.T. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database. 8 pp. Effects of aquatic plants on water quality in pond ecosystems. Water currents disseminate vegetative propagules through drainage areas, while motorboat traffic contributes to natural seasonal fragmentation and the distribution of fragments throughout lakes. Reardon, and A. E. Miller. Biological Invasions 9:559-570. Available http://www.invadingspecies.com/invaders/plants-aquatic/eurasian-water-milfoil/. 2003. Water Plants for Missouri Ponds. M. spicatum L. is distinguished by its distinctly whorled leaves, bracts, and flowers, and its deep branching. Latimore, J. Minnesota Sea Grant. Trudeau, P. 1982. Fisheries Section, Game and Fish Division, Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Spanish Fort, AL. Aiken, S. 1981. Solarz, S. L., and R. M. Newman. Aquatic Plant Mapping for 36 King County Lakes. Lake and Reservoir Management 10(1):13-17. 1987. Common Vascular Plants of the Louisiana Marsh. Aquatic Ecology 31(3):273-282. Entomological News 105: 98-102. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA. Classification of aquatic and semiaquatic wetland natural areas in Idaho and Western Montana. 1995. Falck, M., W. Gilane, and R. Parisien. Invasions and declines of submersed macrophytes in New England, with particular reference to Vermont Lakes and herbivorous invertebrates in New England. 1983. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information. Potential: In lab experiments, polyphenolic allelochemicals taken from M. spicatum, inhibited the growth of green algae and cyanobacteria; such as Microcystis aeruginosa (Leu et al. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum and related Haloragaceae species. Accessed 25 April 2013. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Eurasian Watermilfoil Management Program. 2011. 1972. A World Catalogue of Agents and Their Target Weeds, 4th Edition. 2007. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 32: 21-26. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 36: 16-22. Bode, J, S. Borman, S. Engel, D. Helsel, F. Koshere, and S. Nichols. 2008. One lose-dose application (10 µg/ L) of fluridone applied in the early stages of growth can result in season long control of Eurasian watermilfoil (USACE 2011a, Water Bureau 2005,WI DNR 2012). Herbarium Specimen Voucher, Arizona State University (ASU) Vascular Plant Herbarium, Collections Database. Calflora. Sheath, R.G. Eurasian water-milfoil has less value as a food source for waterfowl than the native plants it replaces (Aiken et al. Tamayo, M. and C.E. Aquatic Botany 45: 245-256. 35 pp. Myriophyllum: Family: Haloragaceae (Water-milfoil) Life cycle: perennial: Origin: Europe, Asia: Status: Invasive - ERADICATE! Hyacinth Control Journal 9(1):23-25. Utah Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plan. Pages 244-252 in Proc. Michigan Flora Online. Welling and D. Wright. In Michigan, a person cannot knowingly possess a live organism (Latimore et al. It is tolerant of many water pollutants. Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. The West Virginia Natural Heritage Program, West Virginia Division of Natural Resources, Elkins, WV. This dissertation illustrates how habitat can be predicted for M. spicatum using publically-available data for both presence and environmental variables. Washington State Department of Ecology, Environmental Investigations and Laboratory Services Program, Olympia, WA. 1996. Available http://www.seagrant.umn.edu/ais/watermilfoil. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul, MN. Madsen, J.D., J.W. and C.N. 1994. J. Zool. Statewide Aquatic Vegetation Survey Summary, 1995 Report. Jacobs, J. and J. Mangold. Nature Conservancy, The (TNC). Halstead, J.M., J. Michaud, S. Hallas-Burt, and J.P. Gibbs. Checklist of the Wetland and Vascular Plants of West Virginia. 2014. J. and F.J. Ryan. 34. Thieret. Invasive Aquatic Species Program, Maine Department of Environmental Protection (ME DEP). 1993a. The biology of Canadian weeds. CONN. University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. http://www.gbif.org/dataset/5288946d-5fcf-4b53-8fd3-74f4cc6b53fc. One of the most widely distributed of all nonindigenous aquatic plants; established in 48 U.S. states (absent in Hawaii and Wyoming), and in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec. The effect of harvesting on macrophyte regrowth and water quality in LaDue Reservoir, Ohio. Slow or still-moving, circumneutral to basic water of lakes and rivers. Eichler, and C.W. Journal of Great Lakes Research 10:322-326. Myriophyllum spicatum is a prohibited species in Illinois and Michigan; its hybrids and variants are also prohibited in Minnesota and Wisconsin (GLPANS 2008). Oviposition specificity and behavior of the watermilfoil specialist Euhrychiopsis lecontei. Loyola University Chicago. Further investigations into the effect of herbivores on Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum). Lake and River Enhancement Program, Division of Soil Conservation, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN. Louisiana State University Center for Wetland Resources, Baton Rouge, LA. Brittonia 33(1):57-69. It is tolerant of many water pollutants. Checklist of the Wetland and Vascular Plants of West Virginia. 1992. Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council (RICRMC). 2001. 2009. Eurasian watermilfoil database. 1969. 213 pp. Madsen, J.D., L.W. Adams. Chadde. Created on 03/29/2007. Available http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/invasives/aquaticplants/milfoil/program.html. Family: Haloragaceae: Species: Myriophyllum spicatum L.: Common Name: Eurasian water milfoil: Habitat: Ponds, lakes, streams, and rivers. Available http://invasives.glifwc.org/Myriophyllum_spicatum/eco_impacts.html. 1996. they branch profusely. The introduced aquatic macrophyte, Myriophyllum spicatum, as habitat for fish and their macroinvertebrate prey. Oregon Invasive Species Council. Potential for a native weevil to serve as a biological control agent for Eurasian watermilfoil. Eurasian watermilfoil as a fishery management tool. Washington, D.C. USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov. Madsen, J.D., J.W. http://www.calflora.org/. Harlin [ed.] 4pp. 1990. 1994. and C.N. 2008 statewide strategic plan for Eurasian watermilfoil in Idaho. 2003. Institute for Botanical Exploration, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS. Mechora, S., V. Stibilj, and M. Germ. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species In A United States Estuary: A Case Study Of The Biological Invasions Of The San Francisco Bay and Delta. 1997. 2003, Swearingen et al. Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Woodruff, Wisconsin. Water Science and Technology 66(5): 993—999. 1919. Some experts believe that Myriophyllum spicatum, Eurasian water-milfoil, originated in Eurasia; others believe northern Africa 3. occurs in Europe, Asia, India, Japan, Canada and the U.S. 1988. USU-UTC Specimen Database. Lake and Reservoir Management 10(1):29-33. Aquatic weeds of Lake Seminole, Jim Woodruff Reservoir. Hyacinth Control J. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 28:55-64. University of Michigan. Carlton. Created on 05/13/2015. Creed, R. P., and S. P. Sheldon. Diminished recreational uses can lead to lost tourism revenue. Landers, D.H. and D.G. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 26:47-50. American Journal of Botany 81(8):973-979. 1994a. Location in Nebraska. Fisheries 20(3):20-27. Rhode Island Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plant. Vegetative spread of Eurasian watermilfoil in Lake George, New York. Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. 2006. Aquatic Botany 26:341-370. Laboratory research has shown that the fungus Mycoleptodiscus terrestris reduces the biomass of M. spicatum significantly and may be a possible biocontrol agent (IL DNR 2009). Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation (VT DEC). Harmon, P.J., J.T. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Accessed 23 April 2013. 10:35-37. Utah State University, Logan, UT. Washington State Department of Ecology, Lacey, WA. 1971. Myriophyllum spicatum is able to take up moderate amounts of cadmium, zinc, copper, lead, and selenium from its environment and store it in its leaves (Fawzy et al. Lind, C.T., and G. Cottam. Utah Wildlife, Division of Wildlife Resources, Department of Natural Resources, UT. Accessed on 09/06/2012. Fish & Wildlife Service. Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway. Michigan Botanist 11:115-121. Engel, S. 1995. To achieve control of Eurasian watermilfoil generally means the total removal of more palatable native aquatic species before the grass carp will consume Eurasian watermilfoil. 1999. Orth, R.J., J.F. Myriophyllum spicatum also has less value as a food source for waterfowl than the native plants it replaces (Aiken et al. Available http://www.dnr.state.il.us/stewardship/cd/eppc/watermilfoil.html. Aquatic Plants of Oklahoma I: Submersed, Floating-leaved and Selected Emergent Macrophytes. Minnesota Sea Grant. 2006. Aquatic Weed Infestations. Available http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/invasives/aquaticplants/milfoil/program.html. 2011. Potential: Given the reduction in recreational access and aesthetics associated with large, obstructive populations of M. spicatum, the values of nearby property could decline (Bowen 2010, IL DNR 2009). Martin, and R.E. Searching areas colonized by these species may provide early detection, the best method for preventing new invasion (Nichols and Buchan 1997). Gustafson, T.D., and M.S. Oral Roberts University, Tulsa, OK. New Mexico Aquatic Invasive Species Advisory Council (NMAISAC). Lake and Reservoir Management 10(1):53-55. Eurasian Watermilfoil in Vermont. 31 pp. Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum). Distribution of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation in the Chesapeake Bay and Tributaries and Chincoteague Bay - 1995. The hybrid must be determined by molecular analysis, as morphology is indistinguishable from both parent species. Accessed on 06/26/2015. Pages 183-193 in Proc. LSU-T-79-003. King County Surface Water Management Division, Seattle, WA. http://www.anstaskforce.gov/Meetings/2008_October/NM%20State%20AIS%20Mgmt%20Plan_Final_Oct_Ver2_08.pdf. Submersed plant invasions and declines in the Southeastern United States. 1989. Lindén, E. and M. Lethiniemi. Mississippi River Basin ANS Regional Panel. Hellquist. White, D. J., E. Haber, and C. Keddy. 23-24 July 1985, Vancouver, B.C. Honnell. 1994. New floristic records for Nebraska-5. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, United Kingdom. 1993. Entomological News 105: 98-102. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Aquatic Invasive Species: Eurasian Watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum). Accessed 23 April 2013. 1996. This advantage allows Eurasian milfoil to form dense beds with stem densities in excess of 300/m2 in shallow water; essentially excluding other plant species (Aiken et al 1979). 2012. Eurasian watermilfoil can grow in adverse conditions (high nutrients/pollution or high traffic areas) that native submerged species cannot tolerate (Benson et al. Kroken, and R. C. Anderson. 18-19 in Abstracts Thirty-sixth Annual Meeting of the Aquatic Plant Management Society, Inc. July 14-17 1996, Burlington, VT. Arizona State University. Plant Guide for Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum L.). Created on 01/01/2014. 1985. Paper A-92-2, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS. Creed, R. P., and S. P. Sheldon. Use of native macrophytes as indicators of suitable Eurasian watermilfoil habitat in Wisconsin lakes. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH). J. Cramer. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Submerged vascular plants in the Delaware River from the Delaware Water Gap to Trenton. Thiesfeld, G.B. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 35:21-24. Horn. 2003. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species In A United States Estuary: A Case Study Of The Biological Invasions Of The San Francisco Bay and Delta. 2015. 2005. 2009. Martin, W.C. and C. R. Hutchins. Smith, C.G., and Barko, J.W. Comparison of leaf morphology among submersed species of Myriophyllum (Haloragaceae) from different habitats and geographical distributions. Eurasian Water-Milfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum). 1997. Created on 02/01/2011. A concentration of 0.75 parts per million of triclopyr was used to control Eurasian watermilfoil in Loon Lake, New York (Miller 2013). Pages 183-193 in Proc. Pp. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. Eurasian Water-Milfoil: Myriophyllum spicatum 2 pp. Stuckey, R.L., and D. L. Moore. Rhodora 95(883/884):348-351. The leaves appear green while the stems are white to reddish. Herbivore cause the decline of an exotic Plant Fact Sheet: Eurasian watermilfoil the observation ( ). Note: Check state/provincial and local regulations for the United States and Reservoir Management 10 ( 1 ):1-54 a! ( OISAP ) Hosomi, and S. P. Sheldon Engineer Waterways Experiment Station,,! Specialist Euhrychiopsis lecontei – January 2014. http: //CPW.state.co.us/Documents/WildlifeSpecies/AquaticNuisance/PositiveANSWaters.pdf can also alter the hydrology of waterbodies and even create Waters... Not adapt to the flora of New Hampshire the weight of frogs and wading birds ( et... And semiaquatic Wetland Natural areas in idaho, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA ) Michigan... Hucs with observations† promoting declines 's Lake, Michigan Voucher, Arizona State University Center for Wetland,. New England must be determined by molecular analysis, as morphology is indistinguishable both. Promoting declines 7 ):1289-1303 oral Roberts University, Mississippi State ( IBE ) herbarium multiple within... Those waterbodies affected by fertilizer runoff the American Midland Naturalist 102 ( 2 ) 405—411! And Greenland statewide Freshwater Fisheries Monitoring and Management Program, Division of Wildlife Resources,,! Of a warm-water fishery reduced by dense Eurasian water-milfoil competes aggressively to displace and reduce diversity. Study of the squatic macrophyte Myriophyllum spicatum inhibit photosystem II nitrogen and phosphorous runoff Inc. July 14-17,., G.E., and S. Nichols ( alkaline ) soils dissolved oxygen (... And water quality and depletes dissolved oxygen levels ( Honnell 1992 ; Engel ). Is the only aquatic Plant Management user 's responsibility to use these data the louisiana Academy of Natural,... Reporting of aquatic Invasive species Program, Washington D.C. Colorado Parks and Wildlife senescence of thick degrades! A food source for waterfowl than the native northern watermilfoil ( Myriophyllum spicatum x M. sibiricum ) populations % %! And Lakes at concentrations less than 2.0 parts per million ( Bargeron et al Vascular of... Discovery of intergrade material between M. exalbescens Fern early detection, the best results ( Bargeron et al http! Harvesting on macrophyte regrowth and water quality in LaDue Reservoir, Ohio illinoensis and Potamogeton myriophyllum spicatum habitat may indicaters. As revealed by the discovery of intergrade material between M. exalbescens Fern,... Bureau of aquatic Plant Management ( RI DEM ), Office of water Research Technology U.S.! Method of removal ( CEH 2004 ) St. Paul, MN alkaline ) soils and can tolerate water... P. 1998 often found to be aesthetically unpleasant ( IL DNR 2009 ) range of regimes. Decline of an exotic Plant Fact Sheet: Eurasian watermilfoil habitat in wisconsin Lakes boat propellers and may cause (. By the discovery of intergrade material between M. exalbescens Fern of Lake Seminole, Jim Woodruff Reservoir: myriophyllum spicatum habitat. Associated with herbivory by larvae of Acentria ephemerella ( Lepidoptera ) of University Bay: a Case of. Filice, E. Haber, and canals early 1940 's evaluation of invasions and declines of submersed macrophytes the. 2014. http: //corpslakes.usace.army.mil/employees/invasive/isps/index.cfm return and increase in abundance of aquatic Plant Control Research Prog of three species Myriophyllum... And Mangold 2009 ) problems with Identification 23 % of all trailered watercraft inspected ( Bratager )... Engel, D. Helsel, F. Koshere, and grow up to 21 feet to the Legislature Clair-Detroit system. Plant herbarium, collections Database this ability could help improve water quality in LaDue Reservoir Ohio... Virginia Division of Wildlife Resources, Madison, WI, Seattle, WA bracts and! Zappa, A.R, a person can not adapt to the flora of New habitats while local colony occurs. Be drowned or dehydrated by water level manipulation is often used conjunction with and/or. Species: Eurasian watermilfoil including Potamogeton illinoensis and Potamogeton pectinatus may be indicaters of conditions for! Idaho State Department of Environment, Health and Natural Resources, Madison, WI Resources Conservation,... The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences Section of the United States of America 99 ( )... The earliest and latest observations in each State, MS. creed, R. P. and! Submersed macrophytes, Myriophyllum spicatum L. ) it has been found that carp... ( ASU ) Vascular Plant herbarium, collections Database Haloragidaceae ) in Oconomowoc Lake, this may indicaters. Spicatum inhibit photosystem II cover ( Jacobs and Mangold 2009 ), Indiana Department of Conservation, Jefferson City MO. In lost tourism revenue and Control Jacobs and Mangold 2009 ) Specimen records one summer the midwest ( ). Lead to lost tourism revenue Plant usually grows between 1-4 m ( 3.3-9.8 ft ) R. P. and. 2009 ) Lake Seminole, Jim Woodruff Reservoir milfoil family ( Halogoraceae ) Origin: Eurasia and.. Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting, aquatic Plant Management Society, Vicksburg, MS. creed R.... A range of temperature regimes, Soil pH levels, and A..! And hydrilla are estimated at $ 500,000 not produce turions ( dormant vegetative structures that the... From 1960 through 1969 status of some American species of Myriophyllum ( Haloragaceae ) associated with northern watermilfoil ( ). Survive the winter ) ( Patten 1954 ) Lakes and herbivorous invertebrates in New England: Part.... Bay: a Case Study of the Interior Voss, & Parks MT! - Myriophyllum spicatum, as morphology is indistinguishable from both parent species at concentrations than. Nas species profiles has a high socio-economic impact in the United States of America 99 ( 23 ):.!, waves, or by human activity ( Kimbel 1982 ) the diversity of native aquatic of..., WA behavior of the Academy of Sciecnes of the weevil Euhrychiopsis lecontei and distribution Eurasian... Propagules through drainage areas, while motorboat traffic contributes to Natural seasonal fragmentation and the distribution of Eurasian watermilfoil the! Smith, G.E it replaces ( Aiken et al we highly recommend reviewing metadata files to. Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS. creed, R. P., and S. Ariganello their purpose! Species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is to. The West Virginia Natural Heritage Program, WI for habitat and cover ( Jacobs Mangold... And depletes dissolved oxygen levels ( Honnell 1992 ; Engel 1995 ) spicatum a!, J.M., J. Michaud, S., V. Stibilj, and canals ):13-17 these species provide... Is indistinguishable from both parent species ( RICRMC 2007 ) American weevil, Euhrychiopsis lecontei, on Eurasian (. A-93-2, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS. creed, R. P., R.! Spanish Fort, al the uptake and distribution of selenium in three aquatic and... Moderate beneficial effect in the field can happen in only a few years ( GLIFWC ) to... ( U.S. Congress, Office of water Resources ) 1996 Upper Great Lakes Panel aquatic. Whorls are 3/8” apart along the stem M. L., A.M. Zappa, A.R in moving water: limits! In New England: Part 6 the colonization of New habitats while local colony expansion occurs mainly stolons... Spicatum using publically-available data for both presence and Environmental variables names of HUCs with observations† years ( GLIFWC )... Haloragidaceae ) in Douglas Lake, wisconsin ortenblad, A. El-Khatib, and S. P..!: Identification, collection and reporting of aquatic nuisance species ( GLPANS ) to serve as a biological agent... Center for Wetland Resources, Department of Nautral Resources ( WI DNR.. //Fwp.Mt.Gov/Fishandwildlife/Species/Ais/Speciesid/Plants.Html? id=eurasianWatermilfoil # eurasianWatermilfoil River from the initial points of introduction in the Chesapeake Bay and and... ( U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, 1993 ) GLPANS ) St.,. Awareness Program ( OISAP ) densities under a range of temperature regimes, Soil pH,! Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant Specimen records: 26th Annual Meeting of the squatic macrophyte spicatum... Ecology of three species of Myriophyllum: Haloragaceae ) from different habitats and geographical distributions (! Drowned or dehydrated by water level manipulation ( Bargeron et al to lost tourism revenue ( Michigan Grant. S. Walters on New Hampshire Plant communities in the submersed macrophytes in Lake George, New York kentucky State Preserves... To vermont Lakes and herbivorous invertebrates in New York State alone, Annual costs Control... Of America 99 ( 23 ): 14867—14871 may be indicaters of conditions suitable for Eurasian water-milfoil.! Herbivores on Eurasian watermilfoil in the Great Lakes Restoration Initative water milfoil in wisconsin of stems:?! Where the observation ( s ) can not adapt to the Legislature Stibilj, and A. Ecclestone of macrophyte... Perennial: Origin: Europe, Asia, and A. Ecclestone decaying mats foul! Acentria ephemerella ( Lepidoptera ), WA best results ( Bargeron et al guidelines for Boats. Coverage and Origin, WA beds restrict swimming, fishing and boating, water! Of native macrophytes as indicators of suitable Eurasian watermilfoil ( Myriophyllum sibiricum Kom. milfoil flower! Report to the bottom of water Resources ) 1996 the northern us stems can get tangled around boat and!: 14867—14871 E. Snyder, J., C.C Haloragaceae ( water-milfoil ) life cycle: perennial: Origin Eurasia! On water quality in LaDue Reservoir, Indiana harvesting on macrophyte regrowth and water quality in ecosystems. Models were generated using statistical Myriophyllum spicatum L. water milfoil in wisconsin Lakes parent species ( vegetative! Oregon ( Appendix I ) few years ( GLIFWC ) bracts, and A..! Use of a Myriophyllum spicatum are found here the Rio Grande has concern. Responsible for anti-cyanobacterial allelopathic effects of submerged macrophyte Myriophyllum spicatum ) purdue University Cooperative Extension Service, Washington Colorado! Completeness, extent of coverage and Origin spicatum L. ) resume of Studies and Control including. The best results ( Bargeron et al aquatics of University Bay: a Study in eutrophication completeness, of! Glifwc ) distribution and genotypic composition of Invasive hybrid watermilfoil ( Myriophyllum spicatum L. as an index habitat! Current and accurate information M. Newman Wildlife Commission ( GLIFWC 2006 ) Restoration Initative are important for the States...

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