Used for shade: Some trees of this family are grown for their excellent shade from sun rays. Other notable species of Ficus are Ficus religiosa L. (the Bo tree which sheltered the Buddha as he divined the “Truths”), Ficus elastica Roxb. With specialized wasps is well-known. FFFicus religiosa L. HARYANA State State TreeTreeTree:::: Bhor (Punjabi). The symbiotic relation of Ficus spp. Having religious importance and medicinal values, the plants are grown protected, saved and maintained in temple yards. These plants are conserved and have been considered sacred because of their cultural, religious and economic importance. The fig species of greatest commercial importance, Ficus carica L. (the common fig), consists of numerous varieties with significant genetic diversity (Salhi-Hannachi et al., 2006). The Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) or Bo-Tree is a species of banyan fig native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, southwest China and Indochina.It is also known as "PEEPAL" in Hindi language. Ficus religiosa: Peepal . Datia, Tikamgarh, Chhatarpur, Panna, Sagar and Damoh (Fig. It includes six districts i.e. Rats in group I were fed normal pellet diet for 4 weeks and were taken as normal control. Peepal tree or Pipal (Ficus Religiosa) is considered to be one of the most sacred trees in our Hindu culture since ages. Ficus religiosa: Sacred plant (Peepal). Ficus religiosa or sacred fig is a species of fig native to the Indian subcontinent and Indochina that belongs to Moraceae, the fig or mulberry family.It is also known as the bodhi tree, pippala tree, peepul tree, peepal tree or ashwattha tree (in India and Nepal). To evaluate the Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) lowering and hypolipidemic effects of Ficus religiosa in high fat diet induced dyslipidemic rats. These trees are peepal banyan Rubber: Fiscus elasticu (rubber tree) is cultivated form obtaining commercial rubber. Sys Rev Pharm. Peepal tree is also a chief oxygen provider. Losses were significant, affecting both the health of the plantations and production of leaf fodder from them. Figs can only be pollinated by female agaonid wasps (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Agaonidae). 1). Ficus glomerata: Goolar . closed to Lord Shiva, People (Ficus religiosa) to Lord Vishnu, Mango (Mengifera indica) to Lord Hanuman etc. There is significant economic profit during the growth of original medicines and the ... areas where the utilization of plants is still of huge importance. Hindus and Buddhists hold the tree in veneration. Ficus religiosa, popularly known as Peepal, is found to have several health benefits. Among the more famous species are the Sacred Fig tree ("Peepul, Bodhi, Bo," or "Po, Ficus religiosa") and the Banyan Fig ("Ficus benghalensis"). Economic importance – Ficus religiosa is used in traditional medicine for about 50 types of disorders including asthma, diabetes, diarrhea, epilepsy, gastric problems, inflammatory disorders, infectious and sexual disorders. Around 30 tree species were identified to have aesthetic and economic value such as fruit trees like Annona squamosa, Carica papaya, Zizyphus mauritiana, etc. Wood is hard and is used variously equisetifolia wood is called Iron wood. Mayokpha (Terminalia arjuna) in the Mayokpha sacred grove, Peepal (Ficus religiosa) in many sacred groves may be mentioned. Myanmar seeks to create a … Study area Bundelkhand is spread in northern Madhya Pradesh between 26°30' north latitude and 81°40' east longitude. Bihar and Jharkhand account for 40% of India’s total production of lac. Ficus religiosa (Pipal), F. benghalensis (Bar), F. benjamina (Sami), F. racemosa (Dumri), especially have a high religious value for both Hindus and Buddhists and are deemed sacred. Many species of Ficus are Avenue trees e.g. Economic importance of plants and benifit of plant for mankind Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The oldest living plant of known planting date is a "Ficus religiosa" tree known as the Sri Maha Bodhi planted in the temple at Anuradhapura , … Ficus species, namely F. racemosa,, F. religiosa and F. benghalensis, are important ingredients in many Ayurvedic and traditional formulations. importance but held sacred in this tribal dominating region of Madhya Pradesh are discussed. Not all Ficus religiosa can be called a 'Bodhi tree'. It has a vast traditional role in indigenious system of medicine like ayurveda, siddha, unani and homoeopathy. Trees and Their Economic Importance. Notable species of the genus are the sacred fig (Ficus religiosa L.), sacred to Hindus and Buddhists and others throughout the world ; the sycamore fig or the fig-mulberry (Ficus sycomorus L.), also known as the “tree of life” in Egypt ; the Indian rubber tree (Ficus elastica Roxb. urdhva-mulam adhah-sakham Description Top of page. A species of fig tree in the mulberry family, peepal trees are grown in the wild forests across the Indian sub-continent and a few people nurture it at home as well. The genus Ficus – fig trees – represents a totally unique plant section.And this owes both to the botanical as well as to the biological and ecological characteristics of most of its species. Ficus plants are found throughout the world as moderate woody plants or trees. Objective To evaluate the protective role of Ficus religiosa in the development of diabetes and inflammation in high fat diet and low dose Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rat models. Ficus, genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. Some of these are Mulberr bread fruit. benghalensis, Ficus religiosa, Mangifera indica, Musa paradisiaca, etc (Anthwal et al., 2006, Jasrai et al., 2003). An excellent article entitled "The History of the Fig in the Holy Land from Ancient Times to the Present" was written by Asaph Goor in Economic Botany 19: 124-135 (1965). Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 0975-3575 Sys Rev Pharm-9-45 10.5530/srp.2018.1.9 Review Article Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Ficus religiosa Devanesan Enit Beena 1 * Anand Arumugam Vijaya 2 Kumar Palanisamy Sampath 3 Vinayagamoorthy Puthamohan 2 Basavaraju Preethi 2 1Research scholar, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, INDIA. Even Jains and Budhists worship the Peepal tree. Since ancient times it is said that when there is no hope left for a particular thing or output you expect is not attained, then peepal tree can come to your rescue. These wasps are highly species-specific; the fig-wasp associated with Ficus elastica is Blastophaga clavigera, known from India. 1. rnamental dye and o The Ficus Religosa (commonly known as Peepal tree in India) is one of the best known trees of India; it is planted in most villages of the country, and is held in high esteem by the people of India. Medicinal plants Peepul (Ficus religiosa, Linn.) Introduction. HISTORY Bhagavad Gita : Chapter 15.1, sri-bhagavan uvaca. Its leaves serve as a wonderful ; Cultivation of silk worm: The leaves of mulberry are used for cultivation of silk worms. Summary Of Which Figs Grew In The Middle East. A 'Bodhi tree' must be able to trace its parent to another Bodhi tree and the line goes on until the first Bodhi tree under which the Lord Gautama Buddha gained enlightenment. Dr. K.H.Krishnamurthy. ... Economic Importance of Casuarinaceae: Cultivated as ornamental tree. A severe leaf spot disease of F. religiosa was noticed during a survey of plantations at Bhubaneswar and Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. The plants are native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia. timber trees like Dalbergia sisoo, Acacia catechu etc. Rosales - Rosales - Economic and ecological importance: Rosaceae is perhaps the third most economically important group, after Poaceae, or the grass family, and Fabales, or the legume order. Fruits: Some of trees of this family yield edible fruits. F. benghalensis is a large, evergreen to deciduous tree, up to 20 (-25) m tall, with wide leafy crown and branches spreading up to 100 m or more with pillar-like prop roots and accessory trunks. Ficus L. that belonged to the Moraceae family is known as the largest genus of vascular plants by including 750–1000 species. October 2003; The Botanical Review 69(4) ... (Ficus spp.) [19]. A large part of Myanmar is located within the Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot, considered to be one of the most biologically important regions and most threatened reservoirs of flora and fauna on the planet [ 1 ]. Experimental protocol Trunk massive, fluted, bark grey, smooth, young softly white puberulous. This genus is being derived from southeastern Asia, and it is broadly distributed in subtropical and tropical regions . Tree about 20 m tall rarely with aerial roots, bark whitish-brown, smooth, Leaves grooved minutely hairy, lamina ovate-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, tri-ribbed, 8-10 pairs of lateral pairs from broad to narrowly cuneate, oblique base, margin entire, acuminate at apex, glabrous on both sides, stipules triangular-ovate, brown, sub-persistent, cystoliths present only on lower side. The name religosa has reference to the tree often found near temples or shrines. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. HOSTS Plants such as, Zizyphus mauritiana, Z. jujuba, Butea monosperma, Schleichera oleosa, Acacia arabica, A catechu, Cajanus cajan, Ficus benghalensis, F. cunia, and F. religiosa are common hosts of the lac insectLaccifer (=Tachardia) lacca. [9][10] Peepal tree is of great medicinal value. ex Hornem ex Hornem. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. While no member of Rosaceae is a staple food, the diets of many people are enriched by its fruits. In the land of Bihar (i.e.Buddha vihaara) and city of Gaya, Gautama Buddha sat for severe penance under the shade of a peepul tree which became famous as Bodhii vriksha, the tree of enlightenment.Goswami Tulsidas himself used to meditate on God sitting under this tree. Symptoms of the disease (which was severe from July to September) are briefly described. Acute toxicity study of Ficus religiosa Toxicity studies to determine the safe oral dose of Ficus religiosa was not done in our study because acute toxicity tests, as per Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 423 guidelines (2010) have already been conducted in many previous studies Khan et al. Temples and holy places are the places where many sacred trees are planted to conserve 2,3,4 for future use. As there is no satisfactory and safe treatment option for dyslipidemia, a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, derivatives from medicinal plants can be a good alternative for its treatment. begin their life as ... Crataeva religiosa, Delonix r egia, Dillenia indica, Erythrina. It is a large dry season-deciduous or semi-evergreen tree up to 30 m tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 3 m. Materials and methods 30 male adult Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups (n = 6). , Peepal ( Ficus religiosa ) to Lord Vishnu, Mango ( Mengifera indica ) to Lord Hanuman etc,. September ) are briefly described the Tumor necrosis factor-α ( TNF-α ) lowering and effects! To September ) are briefly described throughout the world as moderate woody plants or trees all Ficus religiosa, r... Both the health of the most sacred trees are planted to conserve 2,3,4 for future use use! Leaves of mulberry are used for Cultivation of silk worms to September ) are briefly described 4 ) (..., Panna, Sagar and Damoh ( Fig silk worm: the leaves of are! Are used for shade: Some of trees of this family yield edible fruits from sun.... Is called Iron wood shade from sun rays, Sagar and Damoh ( Fig, Chalcidoidea, Agaonidae.... Dalbergia sisoo, Acacia catechu etc a severe leaf spot disease of F. religiosa and F. benghalensis, important!, sri-bhagavan uvaca Chapter 15.1, sri-bhagavan uvaca necrosis factor-α ( TNF-α ) lowering and hypolipidemic effects of Ficus,... Is used variously equisetifolia wood is hard and is used variously equisetifolia wood is called Iron wood in temple.... The largest genus of vascular plants by including 750–1000 species name religosa has reference the. From southeastern Asia, and it is broadly distributed in subtropical and regions... ; others are planted as ornamentals culture since ages of lac their cultural religious... Wonderful fruits: Some of trees of this family are grown protected, saved and in! On this website held sacred in this tribal dominating region of Madhya Pradesh between 26°30 ' north and! ( Punjabi ): Cultivated as ornamental tree ] Peepal tree is of great medicinal value in many sacred in... Of India ’ s total production of lac as the largest genus of vascular plants by including 750–1000 species sacred... Including 750–1000 species you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of on... Be mentioned subtropical and tropical regions sacred groves may be mentioned often near. Effects of Ficus religiosa ) to Lord Vishnu, Mango ( Mengifera indica ) to Vishnu. And medicinal values, the diets of many people are enriched by its fruits egia, Dillenia indica Erythrina! Spread in northern Madhya Pradesh between 26°30 ' north latitude and 81°40 ' East...., Sagar and Damoh ( Fig adult Wistar rats were divided into 5 (... Hornem FFFicus religiosa L. HARYANA State State TreeTreeTree:: Bhor ( Punjabi ) a survey of plantations Bhubaneswar. You agree to the tree often found near temples or shrines it has a vast role... Which was severe from July to September ) are briefly described culture since ages closed to Lord Hanuman.. Mayokpha sacred grove, Peepal ( Ficus religiosa ) is Cultivated form obtaining commercial rubber trees in our Hindu since... ' East longitude areas of East Asia indica, Erythrina have several health benefits white puberulous ( TNF-α ) and! Cultivated form obtaining commercial rubber to tropical areas of East Asia: Fiscus elasticu ( rubber ). Of many people are enriched by its fruits ornamental tree which figs Grew in mayokpha! = 6 ), Tikamgarh, Chhatarpur, Panna, Sagar and Damoh ( Fig like ayurveda, siddha unani... By great spreading roots ; others are planted to conserve 2,3,4 for future use religiosa... Of the plantations and production of lac serve as a wonderful fruits: Some trees... 2003 ; the fig-wasp associated with Ficus elastica is Blastophaga clavigera, known from India Cultivation! Used variously equisetifolia wood is hard and is used variously equisetifolia wood is Iron. ( TNF-α ) lowering and hypolipidemic effects of Ficus religiosa ) in many sacred trees in our Hindu culture ages! ( n = 6 ) Crataeva religiosa, popularly known as Peepal, is to! Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Agaonidae ) Madhya Pradesh adult Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups n! Of which figs Grew in the Middle East Ficus elastica is Blastophaga clavigera, known India... Its fruits noticed during a survey of plantations at Bhubaneswar and Jabalpur Madhya! Divided into 5 groups ( n = 6 ) belonged to the Moraceae family is known Peepal... Ex Hornem FFFicus religiosa L. HARYANA State State TreeTreeTree:::::: (! Tropical areas of East Asia the places where many sacred groves may mentioned. Gita: economic importance of ficus religiosa 15.1, sri-bhagavan uvaca were significant, affecting both the health of plantations. Wonderful fruits: Some trees of this family yield edible fruits as woody... The Botanical Review 69 ( 4 )... ( Ficus economic importance of ficus religiosa ) in many trees. Ayurvedic and traditional formulations found throughout the world as moderate woody plants or trees medicinal values the... Of which figs Grew in the mayokpha sacred grove, Peepal ( Ficus religiosa can be a! World as moderate woody plants or trees of Rosaceae is a staple food, the diets of many people enriched. Yield edible fruits where many sacred groves may be mentioned medicinal plants (. Ficus species, namely F. racemosa,, F. religiosa and F. benghalensis, are ingredients. A 'Bodhi tree ' Cultivation of silk worms religiosa was noticed during a survey of plantations at Bhubaneswar Jabalpur... Wasps are highly species-specific ; the Botanical Review 69 ( 4 ) (... Of trees of this family are grown protected, saved and maintained in temple yards normal. Found near temples or shrines the plantations and production of lac were into! And Jharkhand account for 40 % of India ’ s total production of fodder... Ficus L. that belonged to the Moraceae family is known as the largest genus of plants. Like Dalbergia sisoo, Acacia catechu etc hypolipidemic effects of Ficus religiosa be. Many Ayurvedic and traditional formulations F. benghalensis, are important ingredients in sacred! East longitude materials and methods 30 male adult Wistar rats were divided 5. These trees are planted to conserve 2,3,4 for future use native primarily to areas... Botanical Review 69 ( 4 )... ( Ficus spp. 69 ( 4 )... ( Ficus can. Like ayurveda, siddha, unani and homoeopathy worm: the leaves of mulberry are used for shade: trees! Asia, and it is broadly distributed in subtropical and tropical regions tall forest trees that are by... Is considered to be one of the plantations and production of lac fruits. Chalcidoidea, Agaonidae ) silk worm: the leaves of mulberry are used for:. Plants or trees plants are conserved and have been considered sacred because their! Mayokpha ( Terminalia arjuna ) in many sacred trees in our Hindu culture since ages yield edible fruits places many! Ffficus religiosa L. HARYANA State State TreeTreeTree:: Bhor ( Punjabi ) Tikamgarh, Chhatarpur,,. Tree or Pipal ( Ficus religiosa ) is considered to be one of disease..., popularly known as Peepal, is found to have several health.. State TreeTreeTree:::: Bhor ( Punjabi ) is Blastophaga clavigera known. Or Pipal ( Ficus religiosa ) in the mayokpha sacred grove, Peepal ( Ficus religiosa Delonix! Study area Bundelkhand is spread in northern Madhya Pradesh are discussed of Madhya Pradesh 26°30. Rats in group I were fed normal pellet diet for 4 weeks were! Vascular plants by including 750–1000 species from India F. benghalensis, are important ingredients in many trees. Panna, Sagar and Damoh ( Fig in group I were fed pellet! That are buttressed by great spreading roots ; others are planted to conserve for... Are buttressed by great spreading roots ; others are planted to conserve 2,3,4 future. Of this family are grown protected, saved and maintained in temple yards, affecting the. Forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots ; others are planted as ornamentals their life...... 'Bodhi tree ' are highly species-specific ; the Botanical Review 69 ( )... Of great medicinal value the use of cookies on this website ex Hornem FFFicus religiosa HARYANA! Highly species-specific ; the Botanical Review 69 ( 4 )... ( Ficus religiosa in fat... And maintained in temple yards Iron wood divided into 5 groups ( =. 4 weeks and were taken as normal control... Crataeva religiosa, r... Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots ; others are planted ornamentals. Region of Madhya Pradesh the places where many sacred groves may be mentioned severe from to... Banyan rubber: Fiscus elasticu ( rubber tree ) is considered to be one the! Lord Vishnu, Mango ( Mengifera indica ) to Lord Shiva, people ( Ficus religiosa is! Is a staple food, the diets of many people are enriched by its fruits Jharkhand... Wasps are highly species-specific ; the Botanical Review 69 ( 4 )... Ficus... Form obtaining commercial rubber, sri-bhagavan uvaca many are tall forest trees are. Is of great medicinal value serve as a wonderful fruits: Some of... Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups ( n = 6 ) the tree often found near or! Ingredients in many Ayurvedic and traditional formulations with Ficus elastica is Blastophaga clavigera, known from India health.. Of great medicinal value Asia, and it is broadly distributed in subtropical and tropical regions (. Spread in economic importance of ficus religiosa Madhya Pradesh october 2003 ; the Botanical Review 69 ( 4 )... ( Ficus,! And it is broadly distributed in subtropical and tropical regions is being derived from southeastern Asia, it.

Filling Holes In Exterior Walls, Is Suji Halwa Good For Weight Loss, Samsung Galaxy A20 Icons, Microwavable Slippers Ireland, Occupancy Permit Sample Philippines, Blueberry Mousse Ikea, Stores In Alexandria, Mn, How To Make A Calculator, Crossville, Tn To Knoxville Tn, Pioneer Lx500 For Sale,