Originating from the Cameroon Valley of West Africa, the Pygmy goat is a popular breed of miniature domestic goat. In the winter, keep your goat’s water from freezing. This recommended amount varies based upon the maturity of the goat, stature (miniature goats, standard goats), and takes into account the enhanced caloric needs of pregnant or nursing nanny goats. This makes them the perfect candidate to clean up overgrown woods and brushy pastures. Throughout Africa there are several types of pygmy goats. The original ancestors of this breed came to North America from Africa. You'll need about 135 square feet (12.5 m 2) of space per goat that you have in your herd.Nigerian dwarf goats are very playful, and they love to romp and climb on things. Goats absolutely must have a free choice mineral with copper in it. Pygmies don’t require grains always, like other larger goats. Goats being the very picky eaters that they are will usually pick-out the stuff they want to eat and leave the rest. Pygmy goats, like other goat breeds, have unique mineral requirements. You can find registered breeders though the National Pygmy Goat Association here. Pygmy goats are good grazer. Like any domestic breed, this goat would not exist without human interaction. They will call to you when they see you, come when they are called and will follow you around for attention. Their distinguishing characteristic is their small size. Unlike cows and sheep, these creatures do not graze, but browse on virtually all plant matter. This distinguishes them from Dwarf goats, which have a more refined appearance. There are three kinds of forage plants - grasses, forbs and browse. The National Pygmy Goat Association is available to help new pygmy goat owners and future pygmy parents. The Rhue family in California and Catskill Game Farm in New York imported the first pygmy goats in 1959. They are more like deer regarding nutrition, than they are to sheep or cattle, which eat a lot of grass. Goats draw these nutrients from the amount of food they eat. Pygmy goats can produce a ton of milk for their small size. Reply. Three dwarf goats eat the combined amount of food as one regular size dairy goat. Some people also use them to clear bushes and shrubbery from areas. Pygmy goats are very hardy and very adaptable. Like the Nigerian Dwarf, it derives from the West African Dwarf group of breeds of West Africa. Insufficient water consumption can cause various health problems. The pygmy exactly fits this description if you need milk. So if you have 3 goats, for example, you'll need about 405 square feet (37.6 m 2) of space. However, some also keep them in scrub forests, mountainous regions, woodland habitats, and more. While it’s true that she only has two teats to nurse babies with, pygmy does are very successful when it comes to raising multiple kids. A Pygmy Goat is one of many different domestic breeds of goat. If you think you can handle raising a pygmy goat, know that they make really good pets and they are fun to own. Sunflowers (the entire plant), beets, mangel beets, pea vines, Jerusalem artichokes, pumpkins, carrots, kale, turnips, squash, and sweet corn (husks and stalks) can all be added to their diet. Just to show how and well, goats can actually do when it comes to clearing weeds, below is a short video: You’ll help reduce the parasite load of all the livestock involved and you’ll get even more out of your pastures. Pygmy goats can live to be 10-15 years old. Many dairy breeds weigh around 120 pounds at maturity. Ours also graze on our grass and blackberry bushes, but if we're not watching closely, they'll sneak a bite of our flowers. It’s important to consider the size of the goat when you start thinking about housing and fencing needs. Most goats don’t like to be exposed to rain or snow and will choose to be in a dry area if possible. Kids should begin exploring feed, hay or pasture by one week of age. If you’re considering getting goats, then you might want to start off with pygmy goats. To do this, they should get (free choice) good quality hay, goat mineral supplement, and water. A goat that eats too much, especially of the wrong thing (like snacks given by well-intentioned keepers) can also contract another potentially deadly disease: bloat. This is where height is measured. It’s okay if goats aren’t right for you, you can still be a homesteader, you can still be self-sufficient. You can fulfill the carbohydrate needs of your goats by feeding them whole and rolled grains. Rain rot is a common problem with goats and is brought on quickly in wet, muddy pastures. Provide your goats with a loose trace mineral grain that is intended for goats. True to their name, pygmy goats are small in size and are much smaller than standard sized goats. They eat an incredibly variety of different plants. When free-fed, goats will only eat as much mineral supplements as they need. Do not feed your pygmy goats alfalfa hay. Some of these goats were captured and exported to zoos in Sweden and Germany where they were put on display. Pygmy goats are all ruminant animals. A variety of human foods are okay to feed your goats. Most individuals also have a pair of horns. Pygmy goats are a popular breed of goat to raise due to their social nature and small size. When you purchase a goat, it’s always a good idea to check for anemia using the FAMACHA scoring method. Your email address will not be published. A basic diet of hay when supplemented with goat mix is a great choice. For fulfilling necessary minerals and vitamins demand, you can feed your goats corn, oats, sweet feed and goat ration. Some are common in landscaping: oleander, mountain laurel, rhododendrum, azaelia, lily of the valley, larkspur, delphinium, foxglove, some lupines (blue bonnet), braken or brake fern, many mushrooms, groundsel, tansy, and yew. Many landowners prefer the look left behind from goats than that of heavy equipment. A large water trough can be filled up for goats, but make sure that the water trough isn’t too tall for your pygmies to reach. In the Western U.S., wildfires are a major concern for landowners. How do you take care of them? One kid born will be larger than if the doe has three kids. People who give boluses give those in addition to free choice minerals because they have a challenge like sulfur in their well water, which causes the goats to absorb less of the copper in their feed and minerals. When hoof rot is left untreated, it can cause hoof damage. Another thing to watch out for is the presence of barber pole worms. Pygmy goats are best housed outdoors and not inside. Remember, pygmy goats are livestock and still have some characteristics that you may need to really consider. They will be happier and so will your budget. Some landscaping plants are toxic or poisonous to goats. The best way to make sure that your pygmies stay healthy is to feed them correctly. You can provide them minerals in a small feeder. A goat on good pasture doesn’t require feed. Pygmy goats are browsers naturally. When measuring goat size, there are two main ways that you can measure them. They have a list of really helpful resources and breeders that can help you find the right goat for you and your family. You may want to consider disbudding your goats if you use field fencing. You can find these easily at your local feed stores. Bred does will have 1-4 kids at a time. Fences should be at least four feet high and should be sturdy enough to keep goats in. This means that does will come into heat for breeding when the days start to get shorter. Field fencing is a good option for small goats. You want to purchase them from someone that has handled them frequently so that they are friendly and have manners around people. In winter, or when you have do not have pasture, nourish your pygmies great excellent grass or timothy hay. Some people also recommend good quality alfalfa mix hay and … There are several reasons why owning a pygmy goat may make sense for you. Too much grain is not good for any livestock, including goats. Like all goats, these mammals have hooves on their ends of their feet with two primary “toes” rather than a single hoof like a horse. Typically, pygmy goats are less demanding when it comes to their food. It’s interesting to note that goats are very efficient when they eat. Learn how to do this by FAMACHA scoring your goats. You can lower the chances that your goat will get worms by making sure they always have pasture that is at least 4″ tall. A goat should eat between 2 to 4 pounds of hay on a daily basis. Pygmy goats are a popular animal raised on farms for a reason. March 12, 2016 at 2:44 pm. Like all goats, this breed has herbivorous feeding habits. Read on to learn about the Pygmy Goat. Make sure that the area is well-ventilated but free from drafts. It’s interesting to note that goats are very efficient when they eat. Their small size means that they require much less in the way of feed than standard size goats. find registered breeders though the National Pygmy Goat Association here. Don’t let your goats graze their pastures down to the soil. What do they eat? How are they different from standard sized goats? Just be aware that snacks are just that. When looking for a pygmy goat, it’s important to purchase them from a reputable source. Goats are used as a natural way to clean up overgrown land to reduce wildfire risk. They love to eat leaves, brush and other small shrubs and trees. Goat minerals provide ample selenium and other minerals to keep them healthy. However, a well-bred,registered and well-taken-care-of pygmy goat can cost as much as $500. Nigerian Dwarf Goats have a refined overall body appearance. They need plenty of space to exercise and forage for food, and most also need some additional hay or grain to supplement their diet. Make sure that if they are in your backyard, that the fence enclosing the back yard is at least four feet tall. Despite the small size of pygmies, they can be used as sufficient dairy animals. This means that they will choose to eat the leaves of trees and shrubs rather than graze on pasture grasses. They are extremely versatile and require less resources than other livestock species. If you only have a budget for one dairy goat, then get 3 dwarf goats. You can purchase heated buckets to make this easier. Depending on the soil in your area, there may be enough minerals to support your goats. Add to Favorites . Pygmy goats will need less feed than larger breeds, but they still need adequate feed, hay, water and supplements. If the goat shows signs of anemia, worm it immediately before bringing it home and spreading the parasites to goats you may have at home. If you find your goat with hoof rot, learn how to easily treat it: treating hoof rot in goats. Textured feeds usually have a sweet molasses added as well as several ingredients such as corn. The descendents of these goats are the pygmies found in the U.S. today. Goats eat primarily hay or pasture. How do you take care of pygmy goats? Learn more about what makes them unique, below. Pygmy goats are prone to obesity and can become fat quickly with too much feed. Vaccinate your pygmies for tetanus, pulpy kidneys and enterotoxaemia. They need roughage in their diet as well. Pygmy goats are small and have compact little bodies. Trim the hooves of your pygmy goats every 4-6 weeks. Keep the minerals in a location where they will stay dry. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Provide a shelter or barn with a dry floor for goats to escape the weather in. I do adore Nigerian Dwarf Goats, and in my opinion, the good far outweighs the bad. The American Pygmy is an American breed of achondroplastic goat.It is small, compact and stockily built. Diet of the Pygmy Goat Like all goats, this breed has herbivorous feeding habits. Always make sure that your goats have access to clean, drinkable water. We recommend talking to your breeder about the feeding requirements of your goat. Maple leaves or oak leaves in large amounts, Dead leaves from cherries, plums, prunes, peaches, nectarines, pluots, apricots, and chokecherry plants (fresh are OK in small amounts). Pygmies are extremely social and fun to be around. I’ll share my 20+ years of agriculture knowledge with you so that you can feel comfortable raising livestock, gardening, preserving food and cooking delicious meals from scratch. They primarily keep them as pets or use them in zoos, as well as breed them, show them, and use their meat. Use a mineral supplement designed for goats or cattle, and avoid supplements designed for sheep, because goats and cows require copper, which is toxic to sheep. Such plants as fescue, orchard grass, bluegrass, etc., are examples of grasses. Pygmy’s are considered a small or dwarf MEAT breed. They get their name due to the striped appearance that resembles a barber’s pole. You can also feed your Pygmy goats fruit and vegetable scraps from the kitchen to add variety to their diet. They will only consume what they need. The holes are small enough to keep both adults and kid pygmies inside of the pastures. You can raise pygmies as pets, use them to clean up land, raise pygmy goat kids and even as milk and meat animals. This makes them much smaller than many of the standard breeds. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animals.NET aim to promote interest in nature and animals among children, as well as raise their awareness in conservation and environmental protection. Some of the plants can cause internal bleeding, goat polio, pregnancy abortion and other serious illnesses. Goats are ruminant animals who eat plants and digest them through a four-compartment stomach. Check the photos below for some of the more common (Besides the fact that they are just so cute!). What do pygmy goats eat? Pygmy milk has been shown to have as much as 11% butterfat. Females give birth to between two and four offspring, known as kids. They will entertain you with their goofy personalities. Goat feed often has added minerals like copper and selenium, which sheep don’t need as much of. Not long after birth, they will be running, playing and jumping in the pasture. S o you’ve had chickens for a while and are enjoying those awesomely flavorful homegrown eggs. They quickly garnered popularity and spread across the United States. Pygmy goats were brought to the United States from European zoos in the 1950s, and were subsequently used in zoos and for animal research. Grains are usually sold in bags and can be purchased at a local feed mill or farm supply store. Should you own a pygmy goat? While Pygmy goats can be milked, the udder’s primary purpose is for the nourishment of the young. If you give your goats feed, make sure that you aren’t giving them too much. They are versatile and can be used to clear land, provide milk and in some cases, provide meat. Goats that stand in muddy pastures for extended periods of time will quickly develop hoof rot. Despite popular belief that goats eat virtually anything, they do not eat everything, but due to their curious nature they will nibble and investigate anything that they deem particularly interesting. They are an easy goat to raise and have a … They typically have a very friendly demeanor. Good Quality Hay or Forage. tall at the shoulder and weigh no more than 80 lbs. How do you take care of them? Plus, they fertilize while they clean up! Adult goats drink between 2 and 6 liters of water a day. Pygmy Goats From Illness or Death Your Nigerian dwarf or pygmy goats will eat poisonous weeds or plants and it is important to check your lot or pasture before placing them out to graze. Goats are messy when they eat hay and can waste a lot of it. Goats get their energy by oxidizing the organic matter of food. You can do this with a pair of hoof shears very easily. There are good goat feeds available. Unfortunately, most goats will that are affected with barber pole worms will not show symptoms until they are heavily infested with them. Reading Time: 6 minutes Keeping goats with chickens is possible and can benefit both species. These goats have highly social behavior, and you should keep them in groups. Hay is the most natural food source for goats, and eating it as the staple of their diet will help keep their ruminen in check. Although most goats prefer to browse, they still enjoy to eat grass. In the winter, goats will need help staying warm. The withers is the highest point on the goat’s back, between the shoulder blades. Technically, a pygmy goat could be a housepet if you really wanted it to. Check the hooves for signs of damage, soreness or rain rot while you are trimming them. A regular diet of pygmy goats must include protein enriched foods such as grains, fresh greens and oats. You can expect anywhere from 1-2 quarts of milk each day. Also provide them an iodized salt block to lick. Pygmy goats prefer to browse. Barber pole worms cannot live in the digestive tract of large livestock, so co-grazing reduces the parasite loads. They can, however, live happily in your backyard. In the summer you’ll notice that water troughs can become welcoming breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Pygmies are smaller than other livestock and can often squeeze out of fencing that other goats or larger livestock cannot. You may also have to supplement their diet with feed and minerals also. A hay feeder will reduce the amount of hay that is wasted by your goats. The Cameroon dwarf goats originated in the French Cameroon area. You can also put them into a pasture with horses or cows. A handful of grains, fruits, and vegetables can all … Generally, people keep these goats on farmland or pasture with plenty of grass and shrubbery to eat. Also, they goats should be vaccinated and have their hooves trimmed. People have used these mammals for a variety of purposes. They do have shorter lactation periods than some of the dairy goat breeds and will only be in milk for 120-180 days before drying up. Pygmy does that have babies they are nursing will need additional water to produce the large amounts of milk that they make. Just remember to introduce any new plants slowly and observe carefully to make sure that the new food is not adversely affecting the rumen microorganisms. Join the Farminence community to get exclusive tips and information that only the Farminence community receives. They have big personalities and are both docile and playful. While their ancestors lived in a variety of arid African habitats, nowadays these goats live in primarily manmade habitats. Even mini goats need a decent amount of space. There is nothing cuter than a pygmy goat kid. You may be thinking that there is no way that a pygmy goat doe can successfully nurse four babies at a time. Wethers need to eat grass hay, not alfalfa, which can cause urinary calculi. mary says. Copyright ©2020, Farminence. They love attention and can be extremely social. Feeding adequate quality feeds to your goats is very important.

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