This is discrimination but we are not prejudicial against students with a GPA under the cutoff. Recall from Module 4 (Section 4.2.1) attribution theory (Heider, 1958) asserts that people are motivated to explain their own and other people’s behavior by attributing causes of that behavior to either something in themselves or a trait they have, called a dispositional attribution, or to something outside the person called a situational attribution. Harassment on the basis of race/color is said to have occurred if racial slurs are used, offensive or derogatory remarks are made, or racially-offensive symbols are used. The group states, “People cannot be inoculated against prejudice. Results showed that black participants performed worse than white participants when the test was framed as a measure of their ability but performed as well as their White counterparts when told that it was not reflective of their ability. Chapter 3: Social Categorization and Prejudice. What is illegal is when we act on these prejudices and stereotypes and treat others different as a result. Fiske, Cuddy, Glick, and Xu (2002) proposed that the content of stereotypes be studied and argued that stereotypes are captured by the dimensions of warmth and competence. Excessive demands – Consider this question. We might base this affection for them on thinking about how they are fluffy or cute (the cognitive component). Results showed that medical students did hold a stigma towards mental illness and that comprehensive medical education can reduce this stigma. Activities should be cooperative in nature to ensure that people from different backgrounds can all contribute equally to the task. Now is it possible to be discriminatory without being prejudicial? How so? Contrast explicit and implicit attitudes. They add that for competitive out-groups such as Asians, there is a positive stereotype of competence in conjunction with a negative stereotype of low warmth which justifies the in-group’s resentment of them. To cope, they had decided to conceal their relative’s illness and some parents struggled to decide whether it was their place to disclose versus the relative’s place. We also evaluate our group by making a social comparison to other groups. 9.1.1.2. Three main, complementary and not competitive, learning models explain how this might occur. In social psychology there have been many theories formulated to define the formulation of prejudice. As such, hope should play a central role in recovery (Mashiach-Eizenberg et al., 2013). Children who watched the aggressive model behaved aggressively with the Bobo doll while those who saw the nice model, played nice. Prejudice is typically regarded as an individual phenomenon, whereas racism is a broader construct that links individual beliefs and behaviour to broader social and institutional norms and practices that systematically disadvantage particular groups. In the fourth and final stage, the task is the same as in Stage 3 but now black and negative are paired and white and good are paired. It states that attitudes are composed of three components – affective or emotional, behavioral, and cognitive. They did so when the heard footsteps coming down or at the sound of a bell (the NS which cause no response initially). Chapter 6: Prejudice and Intergroup Relations. There is a definite stereotype of these groups which may be true of some individuals in the group, and lead to others seeing them that way too. Types of Prejudice and Discrimination. A systematic review was conducted by Aboud et al. “Making “the other” seem less different, strange, or exotic can encourage positive interactions and avoid stereotyping.”. Traditional prejudice and justice judgments: Does bias suppression moderate the relationship? Principle 11 – Those who are to implement learning activities should be properly trained and their commitment firm to increase the effectiveness of the effort. The authors concluded that each family “develops its own coping strategies which vary according to its personal experiences, values, and extent of other commitments” and that “coping strategies families employ change over-time.”. Next, the participant categorizes words as positive or negative in the same way. (1994) do indicate that SDO does predict many of the social attitudes conceptually associated with authoritarianism such as ethnocentrism, punitiveness, and conservatism.

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