Since he spent the first twenty-five years of life in studies like logic, Islamic laws, philosophy, mathematics, and astronomy – the study of stars and planets. He noted down his theories and observations in his book, "Al-Athar Al-Baqiya." E S Kennedy and M-T Debarnot, Two mappings proposed by Biruni. By the time he came of age, he was also introduced to concepts developed by scholars from different civilisations and centuries. He was from Khwarazm – a region which encompasses modern-day western Uzbekistan, and northern Turkmenistan. He was a colleague of the fellow philosopher and physician Abū Alī ibn Sīnā (Avicenna), the historian, philosopher and ethicist Ibn Miskawayh, in a university and science center established by prince Abu al-Abbas Ma’mun Khawarazmshah. Like other Muslim scholars from the Golden Age of Islam, he was also hungry for knowledge. Biruni saw light and heat as immaterial, and opined that the heat exists within the rays. B A Rozenfel'd and M M Rozanskaja, The astronomical work 'Al-Qanunu'l-Mas'udi' of al-Biruni, B A Rozenfel'd and L G Uceha, al-Biruni's astronomical treatise on shadows, M A Sabirov and A Ahmedov, Certain achievements of al-Biruni in astronomy and mathematics, H U Sadykov, Biruni and his astronomical work. They build „chabutaras‟ around the lake with long staircases to go up and down. E S Kennedy and Y Id, A letter of al-Biruni : Habash al-Hasib's analemma for the gibla. He never exploited his work as a means to achieve fame, authority or material gains. Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Bīrūnī (Persian: ابوریحان محمد بن احمد البیرونی‎ Abū Rayḥān Bērōnī; New Persian: Abū Rayḥān Bīrūnī) (973–after 1050), known as Biruni (Persian: بیرونی‎) or Al-Biruni (Arabic: البيروني‎) in English language, was an Iranian scholar and polymath. He was a pioneer in the study of the angles and trigonometry. But Biruni was so sure about his logic and instincts, that he extensively wrote about the sun, its movements and the eclipse. In light of his scholarly work, he was called the founder of geodesy. You consider self-transformation to be a hazardous adventure. In the book, "Al-Tafhim-li-Awail Sina'at al-Tanjim," he summarised his work on Mathematics and Astronomy. Khwarezm was the country of the Khwarezmian civilization and of several kingdoms. Biruni's scholarly legacy has inspired scientists and mathematicians for several centuries, and his name continues to command respect even today. According to German historian, Max Meyerhoff, Biruni is perhaps the most prominent figure in the phalanx of universally revered Muslim scholars, and whose contributions in so many diverse fields earned him the title "al-Ustadh," the Master or Professor par excellence. D R Hill, al-Biruni's mechanical calendar, B M Kedrov, The great Central Asiatic scholar-encyclopedist al-Biruni. Al-Biruni wrote an encyclopedic work on India called Taḥqīq mā li-l-Hind min maqūlah maqbūlah fī al-ʿaql aw mardhūlah (variously translated as "Verifying All That the Indians Recount, the Reasonable and the Unreasonable" or "The book confirming what pertains to India, whether rational or despicable" ) in which he explored nearly every aspect of Indian life, including religion, history, geography, geology, science, and mathematics. B K Nayar, al-Biruni and science communication in Sanskrit, K Norhudzaev, al-Biruni and the science of geodesy. Interestingly that people from Pakistan are trying to say that Biruni was from Pakistan. A M Shastri, Sanskrit literature known to al-Biruni. Bīrūn). Al-Biruni‘s description of the Kuhk-i-Lal mines and their prominent placement in his book expose a detailed insight in the geology, ... which came to this place in the year 1153 from Hindustan Hindustan. Al-Biruni is one of the most important Muslim authorities on the history of religion. He accompanied Mahmud in his conquests to South Asia. Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. His foster father, Mansur, was a member of the royal family and a distinguished mathematician and astronomer. J L Berggren, A coincidence of Pappos' Book VIII with al-Biruni's Tahdid. His name was Al-Biruni. In the fields of geology and geography, Biruni contributed to geological eruptions and metallurgy. He was born in Khwarazm, then part of the Samanid Empire (modern Khiva, Uzbekistan). Written by J J O'Connor and E F Robertson, If you have comments, or spot errors, we are always pleased to, Kath, Khwarazm (now Kara-Kalpakskaya, Uzbekistan), http://www.britannica.com/biography/al-Biruni. Al-Biruni was really a great Muslim scholar and as a famed of Central Asia, Pakistan, and India (Ibrahim, 1976: iii). Khwarezm was the country of the Khwarezmian civilization and of several kingdoms. S Roy, al-Biruni and Hindu speculations on gravitation, B A Rozenfel'd, The 'Densimetry' of al-Biruni, B A Rozenfel'd, Some questions on the mathematics of variable quantities in al-Biruni 's treatise on shadows, B A Rozenfel'd, S A Krasnova and M M Rozanskaja, The mathematical work of Abu'l-Rayhan al-Biruni, B A Rozenfel'd, Une tentative d'interpolation quadratique chez al-Biruni. Parts of it now belong to Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. George Sarton, the founder of the History of Science discipline, named the 11th century as the Al Biruni Age. selfstudyhistory.com Alberuni accompanied the invading… Abu Rayhan al-Biruni (973-ca. He then climbed the hill to measure the horizon. Exclusive: Mogherini under fire over stink in Lebanon from EU cash, ‘How do you fast in Space?’ and other questions you have about Ramadan 2019, In pictures: Muslims celebrate Eid al Fitr, Natural World Heritage sites threatened by climate change, IUCN warns, Climate Action Tracker group optimistic about warming levels. His book "Kitab-al-Jamahir" discusses the properties of various precious stones. Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the Central Asian polymath al-Biruni and his eleventh-century book the India.Born in around 973 in the central Asian region of Chorasmia, al-Biruni … Please read https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Biruni. The two major cities in this region were Kath and Jurjaniyya. M S Khan, A select bibliography of Soviet publications on Al-Biruni, M S Khan, An examination of al-Biruni's knowledge of Indian astronomy, in. It was Abu Reyhan Al-Biruni, the 10th century Islamic mathematical genius, who combined trigonometry and algebra to achieve this very numerical feat. He was born in the outer dis­trict of Kath, the cap­i­tal of the Afrighid dy­nasty of Khwarezm (now a part of Uzbek­istan, Kaza­khstan, and Turkmenistan) (or Chorasmia). Biruni left his hometown at a young age and he wandered around Persia and Uzbekistan. Al-Biruni's rel­a­tives also took in­ter­est in the stud­ies of sci­ence as well, so he grew up in an en­vi­ron­ment en­cour­ag­ing to his in­ter­ests. Calculating the radius of the earth over a thousand years ago required a lot of imagination. He also discovered several ways of finding north and south, and discovered mathematical techniques to determine exactly the beginnings of the seasons. Al-Biruni was really a great Muslim scholar and as a famed of Central Asia, Pakistan, and India (Ibrahim, 1976: iii). Al-Biruni was born near Kath in Khwarizm (now a part of Uzbekistan) on Sept. 4, 973. His teacher in astronomy and mathematics was the eminent Abu Nasr Mansur, a member of the family then ruling at Kath. Al-Biruni. As previously told, al-Biruni was born in Kath, a district of Khwarezm. Abu Rayhan Beruni or Alberonius (Latin) was a Persian Scholar and polymath of the 11th century. V B Mainkar, Metrology in al-Biruni's 'India', G P Matvievskaja, The mathematical and astronomical legacy of al-Biruni, and the history of its study, K Munirov, On a Tashkent manuscript copy of al-Biruni's 'Astrology'. Impressed by his scholarship and fame, Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi took Biruni along with him on his journeys to India several times. He wrote; “At sunrise we saw that approximately one-third of the sun was eclipsed and that the eclipse was waning”. Using trigonometric and algebraic equations, he got the value equivalent to 3928.77 English miles, which is about 99 percent close to today's radius of the earth. 1050), a Moslem astronomer, mathematician, geographer, and historian, was the most acute interpreter of India to Islam in the Middle Ages.. Al-Biruni was born near Kath in Khwarizm (now a part of Uzbekistan) on Sept. 4, 973. Current president of Iran also has an Arabic name, Hassan Rouhani. He worked on shadows and chords of circles, and also developed a method for trisecting an angle. B A Rosenfel'd and L G Utseha, Some mathematical discoveries in al-Biruni's 'Shadows'. Follow us on Instagram. used by Al-Biruni was equal to 1.225947 English miles [10], his value of the Earth’s radius was different of only 2% from the mean radius of curvature of the reference ellipsoid at the latitude of measurements [10] (Al-Biruni made measurements when he was at the Fort of Nandana in Punjab [11]). Al-Bīrūnī, in full Abū al-Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bīrūnī, (born Sept. 4, 973 ce, Khwārezm, Khorāsān [now in Uzbekistan]—died c. 1052, Ghazna [now Ghaznī, Afg. When Sultan Masood sent him three camel-loads of silver coins in appreciation of his encyclopedic work "Al-Qanoon al-Masoodi," (The Mas'udi Canon), Al-Biruni politely returned the royal gift saying, "I serve knowledge for the sake of knowledge and not for money.". Al-Biruni, A Great Muslim Scientist, Philosopher and Historian 171 that the noon of Sindh is the sunrise of Spain while their (Spaniards) noon is the sunset of Sind”.21 Al-Biruni’s most important and neglected work is Qanun al- Masudi, originally written in Arabic and later translated into Persian. Figure 2 – Equatorial and horizontal coordinates. Al-Biruni (also Al Beruni, full name being Abu Raihan Muhammad Ibn Ahmad, 973-1049 CE), was a celebrated mathematician and astronomer who visited India in the wake of the invading forces of Mahmud of Ghazni in the 11 th century. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Albiruni's India: Part I Alberuni (c. 972-1048) was a Persian scholar from the Khwarezm region and spent a large part of his life in Ghazni in modern-day Afghanistan, capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. The former he saw at Lamghan, a valley surrounded by mountains between the towns of Qandahar and Kabul. UAE adventurism in spotlight as US accuses it of using Russian mercenaries, Show people, places and other topics in this story. He is … He was born in the outer district (Bīrūn) of Kath, the capital of the Afrighid dynasty of Khwarezm in Central Asia (or Chorasmia). He also travelled to South Asia or Central Asia (modern day Afghanistan) with Mahmud of Ghazni (whose son a… We should not waste water because only 1 percent of water is available for our use, out of which a huge amount is being polluted. He was neither Arab or from Pakistan but he was a Persian scientist. He explained the working of natural springs and artesian wells by the hydrostatic principle of communicating vessels. He elaborated on the principle of position and also discussed the Indian numerals. Biruni is most commonly known through his close association with Mahmood Ghaznavi, a famous Muslim king who also ruled India, and his son Sultan Masood. History Topics: Longitude and the Académie Royale, History Topics: The Arabic numeral system, History Topics: The history of cartography. Al-Biruni, the nocturnal North-eastern quadrant, consisting of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd houses, prevails in your chart: this sector favours self-assertion and material security to the detriment of your perception of others. A R Amir-Moéz, and J C Aghayani, al-Biruni, al-Tusi, and Newton.

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