Even the name ebony has an Egyptian derivation as hbnywhich has been shown to refer to primarily to Dalbergia melanoxylon, rather than the species which are considered to be ebony today: such as those in the Diospyros genus. The trees have a scruffy appearance and are frequently multi-stemmed and extensively branched. A 5-7m shrub/tree with pale grey smooth bark that has clusters of heart-shaped leaves and sprays of small white pea-shaped flowers in spring to summer. NOTE: I share premises with NST Construction. Wegen seiner hohen Dichte ist es luftundurchlässig und aufgrund der Härte lassen sich in das Holz exakte und scharfe Kanten drechseln. We are named after Mpingo, the East African Blackwood tree, is used to make clarinets and oboes, and is the medium of choice for local wood carvers. [2][6][7][8], Weitere Arten die manchmal auch als Gre(a)nadillo bezeichnet werden sind Crinodendron tucumanum, Pithecellobium pithecolobioides, Dalbergia glomerata, Couroupita guianensis, Caesalpinia granadillo, Ocotea spathulata, Eugenia ligustrina und Hypericum canariense.[9][10][11][12]. Share. Flowering can occur throughout the year, but is most prominent from September to December. [18] Es wird vor allem im Holzblasinstrumentenbau hauptsächlich für Klarinetten, Oboen und Querflöten, aber auch für Blockflöten und einige Sackpfeifen wie die Great Highland Bagpipes und galicische Dudelsäcke verwendet. הָבְנִים – håvnîm, von ägyptisch hbny), was tatsächlich Grenadillholz bezeichnet. African Blackwood Wood Blanks. Auch Teile von Orgeltastaturen werden mitunter aus Grenadill gefertigt. So sollen nur 0,04 % des Grenadillholzes, welches Mosambik weltweit exportiert, für den Bau von Musikinstrumenten verwendet werden. As Mpingo, the Swahili name for African Blackwood, is the national tree of Tanzania, it holds a special place in the hearts of east Africans. 6 bis 9 Metern nach anderer Quelle oder auch manchmal bis etwa 15 Meter hoch. It is so dark and dense, it’s almost inconceivable that it is a true Dalbergia-genus rosewood. The African Blackwood is a deciduous tree that grows between 5 and 9 meters high and up to 1 meter in diameter. The flowers are white, produced in dense clusters. Neben der Holznutzung spielt die Art auch eine Rolle als Viehfutter – das Laub und die Früchte werden besonders von Ziegen gerne gefressen. African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon), a timber tree of Africa African blackwood (Erythrophleum africanum), (Peltophorum africanum) also Rhodesian blackwood, trees from Africa Australian blackwood (Senegalia modesta Syn. Origin. Es ist zu unterscheiden sowohl von den auch als Granadillo bezeichneten Palisanderhölzern (Dalbergia granadillo, Dalbergia retusa und Dalbergia tucurensis),[1][2] welche in Zentralamerika vorkommen, oder vom Granadillo von verschiedenen Platymiscium-Arten wie (Platymiscium yucatanum, Platymiscium pinnatum) aus Mittel- und Südamerika,[3] als auch von Ebenholz (Diospyros spp. It has been traded to European countries … The wood may be stained easily and produces a high-quality finish. The name of the wood may refer to dark stains on the hands of woodworkers, caused by the high levels of tannin in the timber. Dalbergia melanoxylon Seeds, African Blackwood Seeds It is a small tree, reaching 4–15 m tall, with grey bark and spiny shoots. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African Blackwood) is a species of tree in the family Fabaceae. They are straight to slightly curved and are usually tapered towards the base, with a glossy appearance and a slightly leathery texture. 7 – African Blackwood . It imported mainly from Mozambique and Tanzania and has become famous for its absolutely outstanding resonance. Blackwood varies in colour from creamy-yellow through red-brown to dark brown. The bark on older trunks is dark greyish-black, deeply fissured and  scaly. Share. In addition, African blackwood is technically in the Rosewood genus (Dalbergia), and is more stable and resistant to movement and warping than other typ… The leaves of this plant are actually flattened and widened leaf stalks (i.e. African Blackwood - African Blackwood. AFRICAN BLACKWOOD WOOD. ebony), sowie vom Amerikanischen Grenadill, Grenadillo(a) (Brya ebenus, Brya microphylla) und von dem auch als Grenadilla(o) bezeichneten Holz von Inga vera und Buchenavia tetraphylla; dies kann leicht zur Verwirrung führen. The leaves are deciduous in the dry season, alternate, 6–22 cm long, pinnate, with 6-9 alternately arranged leaflets. Acacia melanoxylon,  known as Australian Blackwood, is native to eastern Australia, and grows prolifically in South Africa. Dalbergia melanoxylon ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung der Dalbergien (Dalbergia) in der Unterfamilie der Schmetterlingsblütler (Faboideae). "ébène") und die Idee des so benannten tiefschwarzen Holzes aus der Bibel (Hebr. They are densely arranged into small rounded clusters (5-10 mm across), each containing a large number of flowers. All rights reserved. The heartwood is golden to dark brown with dark-brown growth rings. Jedoch stammt das Wort "Ebenholz" (engl. It fixes nitrogen. Dimensions: approx. Dalbergia melanoxylon ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung der Dalbergien (Dalbergia) in der Unterfamilie der Schmetterlingsblütler (Faboideae). Grenadill, African Blackwood - A tip for the success of your work: Grenadill, like almost all very hard and dense types of wood, especially with thick cross-sections (from approx. It is a photoautotroph. Die Nebenblätter sind abfallend. B. könnte Mopane eine zunehmende Rolle spielen. Member of the rosewood family; One of the few members of the dalbergia family to be found in Africa; Used for oboes and clarinets; Often jet black; Characteristics of African Blackwood. It´s dark, lustrous heartwood is one of the most valuable timbers in the world, but the tree is under threat from over … It is a small tree that grows usually 4 - 15 m in height with grey bark, spiny shoots, pinnately compound leaves that are arranged alternately, and white flowers that form into dense clusters. Dalbergia melanoxylon wächst als reich verzweigter, dorniger Strauch oder kleiner Baum bis zu einer Höhe von 4,5 bis 7,5 Metern,[5] bzw. Es werden nicht öffnende, bis 7 Zentimeter lange, grau-bräunliche, flache und kahle Hülsenfrüchte, mit bis zu vier, aber oft nur mit einem bis zwei, nierenförmigen und rötlich-braunen, stark abgeflachten Samen gebildet. Die internationale Nachfrage teilt sich im Wesentlichen in die folgenden drei Bereiche ein:[6], Wegen der hohen Härte werden bei der Verarbeitung Sägen mit Zähnen aus Hartmetall verwendet. Mit einer Dichte von 1400 kg/m3 und einer durchschnittlichen Darrdichte von 1200 kg/m3 [5] (bzw. It is also traditionally used in the great Highland bagpipe. More stable and more bend resistant than standard ebony, African blackwood has a color ranging from dark red to deep black, and beautifully detailed grain that is best visible under lacquered surfaces. Bei Klarinetten z. The tree is heavily branched and the trunk is seldom straight. Exotic Wood Blanks: Below you will find stock sizes of African Blackwood exotic wood blanks. The wood is lustrous and possesses a fine texture. By. – Sebastian Chuwa, 1992. African Blackwood (dalbergia melanoxylon) - Mitch's World of Woods - Duration: 2:00. [17] Die Hauptverbreitung liegt in Mosambik, wo es Mosambik-Ebenholz genannt wird, und in Tansania, wo es als Mpingo bekannt ist. : Acacia modesta), a tree from India, Pakistan, Nepal and Himalaya Australian Blackwood grows naturally from the Adelaide Hills, through southern Victoria and Tasmania and up the east coast to the Atherton Tablelands in North Queensland. The flower clusters are borne on stalks and are alternately arranged on a short branch. Es ist sehr fein und homogen strukturiert und fühlt sich bei Berührung glatt und etwas ölig an. 2:00. In most cases you will find multiple stems on one tree. Share. If we do not list a size that is common to your specific woodworking industry, please contact us. Tweet. Jahrhunderts wurde es von portugiesischen Händlern erstmals nach Europa gebracht und hat sich seither einen festen Platz im Holzblasinstrumentenbau erobert. Timber iQ magazine – Design & Construction. They are almost encircled by a large pink, pinkish-red folded fleshy structure. African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon) may be confused for ebony, but since it is a rosewood this is inaccurate. It may also be used for producing decorative veneers. Blackwood – Acacia melanoxylon (Swarthout) Invasive Acacia melanoxylon, known as Australian Blackwood, is native to eastern Australia, and grows prolifically in South Africa. African blackwood (ABW, Dalbergia melanoxylon), commonly known as Mpingo in Swahili (trade name, grenadilla), is generally used in the manufacture of clarinets, oboes, bagpipes and other musical instruments. Since 1996 the African Blackwood Conservation Project (ABCP) has been committed to replanting the tree species Dalbergia melanoxylon – more commonly known as grenadilla, African blackwood or mpingo (Swahili) – in its native habitat of eastern Africa. [19] Konkret sind es nur 255 von etwa 720.000 Kubikmetern jährlich. Dalbergia melanoxylon or commonly known as African Blackwood, Grenadilla, or Mpingo is a flowering plant native to Africa. This species reproduces mainly by seed, which are known to germinate prolifically after a fire. ; engl. They grow very slowly and often in very gnarled and twisted shapes. The dark heartwood of mpingo, which gives it its western name of African blackwood, is one of the most economically valuable timbers in the world. The fruit is an elongated and flattened pod (4-15 cm long and 3-8 mm wide) that is strongly curved, twisted or coiled. The seeds are broadly oval in shape – 3-5mm long and 2-3mm wide -, glossy in appearance, and black in colour. 1270 kg/m3 nach anderer Quelle[13]) ist Grenadill eines der schwersten Hölzer überhaupt. please click here to visit our Timber slab sales page. Sapwood may range in colour from straw to grey-white with clear demarcation from the heartwood. Root suckers can spread  some distance and cause the formation of thick clumps from a single tree. It has a self-supporting growth form. African Blackwood is deciduous tree that belongs to the legume family. Acacia melanoxylon is a widespread and often common species that is native to large parts of eastern and south-eastern Australia. Die spiralig angeordneten und gestielten Blätter sind unpaarig gefiedert und bis 20 Zentimeter lang. Over-harvesting of African Blackwood and habitat destruction (due to accelerated development of agriculture) led to drastic decline in the number of these plants in the wild. Der Handel mit Grenadillholz und aus diesem hergestellten Produkten unterliegt seitdem strengen Kontrollen. Flowers have a sweet scent. Click here to use the website Contact Form. "ebony", frz. From these countries, the timber makes its way to opera houses, jazz clubs, concert halls and festivals around the world. Zu Beginn des 16. The tree from which it is obtained is used for the timber class. Comments: To be considered the original ebony, African Blackwood was imported and used in Ancient Egypt thousands of years ago. Die kurz gestielten, ledrigen und meist abgerundeten, bis leicht eingebuchteten Blättchen mit ganzem Rand, sind elliptisch bis verkehrt-eiförmig und bis etwa 5,5 Zentimeter lang. M. Sacandé, H. Vautier, M. Sanon, L. Schmidt: https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grenadill&oldid=205843951, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. In traditional medicine, an analgesic is derived from the tree. It has thus earned its place in the making of woodwinds, especially clarinets, oboes, and flutes. Grenadill-Holz wird vor allem aus Mosambik und Tansania importiert und wurde im Handel früher als Senegal-Ebenholz oder Mosambik-Ebenholz bezeichnet. B. George Lowden) verwendet. March 4, 2020. Grenadill oder Afrikanisches Grenadill und Zebraholz, Afrikanisches Schwarzholz, englisch; african blackwood, african ironwood auch african ebony; portugiesisch; pau-preto, ist der Handelsname des sehr schweren Holzes, welches zu den Eisenhölzern zählt. Es werden end- oder achselständige, vielblütige, leicht behaarte Rispen gebildet. Es gehört nicht zur biologischen Familie der Ebenholzgewächse. Das dunkle Kernholz ist von einer leuchtend gelben, recht dünnen Splintholzschicht umgeben, der allgemein verwendete Teil des Baumes ist das Kernholz. bruno. Comments: Given its trees’ very small profile and the fact that they also commonly grow somewhat twisted (rather than straight up), finding long, straight boards of African Blackwood is a daunting task. Click here to visit us at our Facebook page. Mpingo is the Swahili name for Dalbergia melanoxylon, the East African Blackwood. African Blackwood Lumber Angela Raimato 2019-04-01T09:12:41-04:00. Each pod contains several seeds, and after opening, they become twisted and contorted. D. melanoxylon is relatively slow growing. This tree is native to Africa only spreading in more than 26 countries. [19][20] Der Handel mit (fertigen) Musikinstrumenten aus den meisten Dalbergienarten (inklusive Grenadill) ist im August 2019 in einer Ausnahmeregelung wieder gelockert worden.[21]. [5] Eingebürgert wurde die Art in Indien und Australien. Its species name refers to the dark color of its heartwood and is derived … Home » Knysna Forests » Southern Cape Forest Trees » Blackwood – Acacia melanoxylon. It is  well-suited for steambending. Origin of Wood Type: Africa: Botanical Name : Dalbergia melanoxylon: Specific Gravity: 1.2: Avg. They usually have three to five prominent veins running lengthwise and rounded to pointed tips. The bark on older trunks is dark greyish-black, deeply fissured and scaly. With dozens of names recorded for the species throughout its wide natural range and export destinations, D. melanoxylon timber is commonly known as African blackwood, granadilla, mpingo (Swahili), zebrawood (Southern Africa), poyi (Uganda), dalaban (West Africa) and mgembe (Tanzania) in trade. It is used medicinally to preve… Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the Transvaal in South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. Younger branches are ribbed, angular, or flattened towards their tips and are greenish in colour. The tree: It grows as a bush in most places and, in only a few regions, as a sizeable tree – measuring up to 9 meters (30ft.) The fruit is a pod with one or two seeds per pod. African Blackwood (dalbergia melanoxylon) aka.Mozambique 'Ebony'. 60 x 60 mm), tends to crack on endgrain surfaces in dry and warm rooms with low air moisture … [13] Die reifen Bäume sind fast alle hohl, so dass verschiedene Tierarten dort Schutz finden. Die Samen sind etwa 8–9 Millimeter lang und nur 0,5 bis 0,7 Millimeter dick.[15]. Family. petioles), and not leaves in the true sense of the word. [14] Der Stamm ist oft geriffelt und knorrig. Dalbergia melanoxylon kommt in trockenen Savannengebieten im südlichen Ostafrika (Äthiopien, Sudan, Kenya bis Simbabwe) und in Westafrika (Senegal bis Nigeria und Tschad) und in Zentralafrika, bis Botswana und Namibia vor, gilt aber in vielen Teilen als bedroht oder ausgebeutet. It is an upright tree growing up to 30 m tall. November 2020 um 10:18 Uhr bearbeitet. in diameter, or larger. If you are looking to buy wood, please click here to visit our Timber slab sales page. Die zwittrigen und fast sitzenden Schmetterlingsblüten mit kleinem Kelch, sind weiß und duftend. The African blackwood tree is widely distributed in a triangle spanning from South Sudan to Angola to the Eastern Cape in South Africa. [4] Als Vertreter der Dalbergia-Gattung ist es eng verwandt mit den Rosen- und Palisanderhölzern. Pen Pot from African Blackwood - Duration: 7:45. [5] Dalbergia melanoxylon ist mikroskopisch eindeutig zu identifizieren. 0 comments. Distribution: This African tree has an extensive range on…

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