( '�� Ta��w�&v�;�I���x�Y��;+�ꕱ�k�Z@I�_�4����]v��MUf&8#��'N倉�0��!gX�i��A4c��7]�r�}�%ͯq�����R7?Qf�����,��2��EZX����'�-�מ0��CF���U��8����@��z8~��� _Jk>�$,�$C,�C�2W��-A�[�a!`qLd��8��˔͊T1�+� �)��-�گX]Y���J�d���͚-�H��r�H3��?d� �Ջ�kMq[x��3z���^�~��,��0�-�������8��(ʒ�]l������As5n��3���\MP���[�۳�S������NI4����;�� ���u��QKa��Y�7�ȇ�PR��-�%�MX��}A�6����KTH�bB'��>#� ��Bby�ךf�,��>��ѧꇓ�b�K�]uk��� nε�y�H2珚(�Lw('ܥ ������`!����m,���wܲ�?��) h�b```�Z�����ea�� �33l>����11Pb���?�9.�. 85: 532 The Place Name Issue as a Source of Identity Conflict. This paper evaluates the current mother tongue debates and the South African Language Policy. ^�y S�c�~6��v�wE��8��4�� L��ص?,�)�8t.����=MNFV�D�Xj�+�HƏ����e��|��r�yI��� g(Tf���w"}Y�m/�8Ԧ�ܾa��w���D��UA�R�%0J����m=��ƞ5�xelLS����C�����4u��j��n髯�rҍ{�qWj>#J�Vv�o����T�#��\�����q�We�.�ki��'P�+�xl��]R�;_J��9�S�;�ʘ�{��Q��C4�!xd�NƠ��!���q��ݬ{gn3�:��0������68�%�TII��p�,%=a�oN{��z�k�� In addition, South Africa's Language-in-Education Policy (LiEP) of 1997, considered one of the most progressive in the world (Probyn et al., 2002), advocates a policy of additive bilingualism, where pupils are taught in their mother tongue but at the same time acquire second language skills. ��h2�}�\���ň��+�R�=)?2�c�B�s�L�[]�]o���N�&�7�r=��=a�J��@'��l�7i�$v�m�Y�V In South Africa, language planning was associated with the discredited racist social engineering of the apartheid era, especially because of the deleterious effects of Bantu education and because of the stigma of collaboration that came to be attached to the Bantu language boards. %PDF-1.5 %���� � H����a��=����Ӄ*�+�˴�O5�1+i "� South African Government www.gov.za Let's grow South Africa together Prior to 1994 English and Afrikaans were used as official languages throughout South Africa. Tuesday, November 10, 2020 The Pan South African Language Board (PanSALB) has welcomed the recently published language policy framework for public higher education institutions in South Africa. C���m�s�0ȿ��o-Q����� 5�+g�4/���~1H`0JH?0��,s�� |V405o��d`��R��@Z��I1�>����,�����2FC� ��Y� In 1995, the Pan South African Language Board (PANSALB) was created to promote multilingualism. 1. respect for all languages used in the country, including South African Sign Language and the languages referred to in the South African Constitution. The period of apartheid, from 1949-1994, segregated the country into White, Black, Coloured, and Asian races. South African Language Board (PANSALB), Braille and South African Sign Language, approved by UMALUSI. endstream endobj 261 0 obj <>/Metadata 44 0 R/Outlines 64 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 255 0 R/StructTreeRoot 79 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 262 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 263 0 obj <>stream South Africa is a multi-lingual society that has some unique linguistic problems because of its policy of apartheid. language policy in education would be most appropriate for Africa. 885 0 obj <>stream 2.The inherited language-in-education policy in South Africa has been fraught with tensions, contradictions and sensitivities, and underpinned by racial and linguistic discrimination. South Africa’s Constitution recognises 11 official languages: Sepedi (also known as Sesotho sa Leboa), Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa and isiZulu. 125: 54 ANC Ideology and the Decline of Afrikaans in Other Areas of National Importance. Before the promulgation of the new constitution in 1994, the government approved 11 African languages as official languages, including English and Afrikaans. For those who aren’t from South Africa, we have 11 official languages – Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa, isiZulu, Sesotho sa Leboa, Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, and Xitsonga. iv Acknowledgements I am indebted to Ifas and French Cnrs-Llacan for made it possible for me to carry out extensive research in South Africa since 2001. Sections 6, 9, 29, 30, 31 and 35 of the Constitution describe language rights in … 132: 545 Police Force . Language Policy and National Unity in South Africa/Azania . h��XKo�6�+. South Africa's Minister of Higher Education and Training has published the revised draft Language Policy for Higher Education on 23 February 2018 vir public comment. They established a system that uses the home language of the region as a medium of instruction until Grade 3, then learners switch to English as the language of instruction from Grade 4. It’s worth noting that the PANSALB was later dissolved due to exc… The Implementation Plan is presented as a flexible proposal to which further identified structures and mechanisms for promoting multilingualism may be added. � �6�T�^�lZ&�|u�������N���r] Although South Africa is regarded by many to have the best language policy in the region, it has not accorded sign language an official status. One of the perennial issues that arises when discussing South African education is our complex language policy. The theme of language in education has been a contentious issue ever since former colonies in Africa, Asia and South America gained their political independence. 260 0 obj <> endobj 275 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<93165426E87BDE43BD1C584B1E10AA7F>]/Index[260 29]/Info 259 0 R/Length 79/Prev 146626/Root 261 0 R/Size 289/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream University of Johannesburg, North-West University, the Pan South African Language Board the University of Pretoria, as well an my editor and everyone else who contributed in their own way. 80: 44 Language Policy During Apartheid. 133: 546 The Judicial System. 883 0 obj <>/Metadata 896 0 R/Outlines 244 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 861 0 R/StructTreeRoot 907 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 884 0 obj <>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O<68fe7ed28e629d04315ae50d109e62dd920c5e949a837e0b3cdfc0dd82f53228>/P -3084/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U<24933a8a09c1276ebcbe60e5ecf8628300000000000000000000000000000000>/V 4>> endobj 886 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 887 0 obj <>stream )DFKEt|�\f�؄��F�IP8�dn�d̆�����1�Ԭm�;G�mR��F����^i�0;�0T���~82_��~(ez)�u���e3R�ZL��'t=�2��@W�2��u+���%ʜ�T���Ag-��[�JJ�w�L�'��d��%\��u��u�V����,r���kP�����C1��( Collectively, the African language speaking South Africans form about 80% of the overall population of South Africa. On one level, there are tensions between its two official language groups, Afrikaans and English. 1 Paul Otto November 1, 2011 Research Paper Dr. Joseph Kinsella The Development of Contemporary Language Policy in South Africa: Its History and Problems Introduction Since its creation as a British colony, South Africa has been home to a multilingual population. There was also the case of South Africa, where the ruling Afrikaaner nationalist party enforced a language policy that was aimed at developing their language as the lingua franca, language of education and culture, and a strong competitor with English. Language planning, policy and implementation in South Africa good idea in theory, the language policy and situation in South African education may not work for the benet of all native speakers of its multiple languages. 43 British Colonial Language Policy in South Africa. To achieve these aims, the Policy provides that: • The language of learning and teaching, or language of instruction, must be an official language of South Africa • In Grades 1 and 2, all learners shall learn at least one approved language. endstream endobj $!�M��Ù��=8�K�QT/�vSԈ. In the latter instance, specifically in the case of South Africa, language rights are framed from a legal perspective as evidenced by the articulation of language rights in the Constitution and other legislative frameworks. ��C�ߦQ�p�ڽfI&wK�_���cGk@fN�Y�|����9v��o��k��X�|���*�d��2��a�ɼS2� UX���`�q� s߂�OT�Kz����T�)Bkfmp�k��a��]M��[Jd�cí��gKt����fC6��-�ἦ �_�2��b�*G�_%���n{�Mzϸ�7�Q_k�c'8�z��J���91����Q�js�H��lj� �k��RX���eT�{�d1��7~�;�D�`�n�Kz$%�^��9X"6 ��:�).���Z����ܩ�QÁl]�iչT%��B�}�Q�R���V�S��Me�[��Ab�`��:��-y��R��Y�X�$�����c{���Ȣ��q�l�>�!���јoL㌇�BIg��Y=l��s{�� M�W�!�f��c����l7vqo�KW��瞇s���!-okqҚ�e$j������Z�"7WE�dd�&��5����,�j �?ED�4(�E�~�f;ޅ�|��o؂��'U�%��?Ll�G�L�{^uqD�� SA language policy history 1. I appreciate your contributions immensely. The policy recognises that past policy and practice has disadvantaged millions of children and it also promotes the effective learning and teaching of the previously neglected indigenous languages of South Africa. The policy makes provisions for the recognition and development of indigenous languages within institutions of higher learning. Recent developments in language planning, policy and implementation in South Africa have led to … 882 0 obj <> endobj The indigenous African languages of South Africa which are official, and therefore dominant, ... Chapter 1 (Founding Provisions), Section 6 (Languages) of the Constitution of South Africa is the basis for government language policy. The South African language policy is used as an example of such a constitutional text. %PDF-1.6 %���� 0 UNISA LANGUAGE POLICY . Pansalb: Pan South African Language Board SA: South Africa(n) SC: Senior Certificate SGB: School Governing Body. endstream endobj startxref endstream endobj the Language Policy Statement, the Implementation Plan, the envisaged SA Languages Act and regulations, and the envisaged South African Language Practitioners' Council Act. ��K�ښ0M�K"����.U���8�G�~��1c���}�q�N2��w�����&QS����,�8��~ZNqF*(_{W~������L���]W�[����O�e�߱�I� �>^e��5'ו�`�ͷ6.��� 1. Each colonial power had its own cultural and political standpoint that gave rise to its particular brand of language policy. 8 not the unification, of the people of South Africa. ��s���ː��M%�AD"�eo���&�~U�X���f#�!Ѧ����@ �Ȫ�2��!�=63�Ь�A]�?�S+�L��w�Θ�9��ϻ?��^�p��[A��d�Bo�Q�H�8���)��������O�����o���{.���G`��^p�A{�Ð#S�Ot7��G�p�F�b� �b���h�� �g#��y��%0Zdk~��|��4�r�XCH�0�۝ߠ)�x�Q-yn�'u��b��#BW!�-�H�����P�mct��m�I=��.�y:_'w`6��'Q� /&���̀�u(flj�\� �? The policy adopted in 1997 has not been implemented convincingly up to this point. Their aim is to ensure that all South African languages are "developed to their full capacity while at the same time ensuring that the existing languages of instruction (English and Afrikaans) do not serve as a barrier to access and success." Language Policy and Education in South Africa … 331 the foregrounding of English as language of teaching and learning should be examined so as to provide every South African child with an opportunity to master the language that might control his/her access to the means of socio- economic and educational empowerment. 288 0 obj <>stream S?��>y�l�Z In a 1953 landmark publication, UNESCO underscored the importance of educating children in their mother-tongue (UNESCO, 1953). The aim of the policy is to redress the injustices of Apartheid where English and Afrikaans were given a higher status at the expense of other languages. As we shall see in the next chapter, their idea of a nation‘ ’ is based on the experience of certain European peoples in the 18th and l9th centuries. 1.3.1 Section 6 of the Constitution provides the principal legal framework for multilingualism, the development of the official languages and the promotion of respect and tolerance for South Africa’s linguistic diversity. ... language policy in schools – particularly in the context of recent debates on the status of English as a medium of instruction in schools. PREAMBLE . �x��}�W��'d��j��z��c*��d�=g��w�]�Ȟ�1�y83 '�2�� z���PK�}�.��@�Ԙz_t�[�5�I�� r����� ���f넻K���}��I�_�s��-�m�T�{W���U�i���f������:�*]�]��V#����ZA_�{�c�]�i�Gvm�_%L]���\��;�����S���t��Ր�N���I�H��oQ��|IJG���I6]7C�~v�jH~�;ȟ� Policy adopted in 1997 has not been implemented convincingly up to this point one of the people South! African education is our complex language policy, segregated the country into White, Black Coloured... 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