"Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical" is an essay by John Rawls, published in 1985. Though I am far from an expert in political philosophy, it seems to me that Rawls does liberal political theory about as well it can be done. Justice as Fairness John Rawls The Philosophical Review, Vol. 164-194. In order to do this we are not to But how can this be guaranteed, without squashing peopleâs individual liberties? His theory of justice as fairness describes a society of free citizens holding equal basic rights and cooperating within an egalitarian economic system. (Apr., 1958), pp. The Theory of John Rawls (NOTE: You must read only those linked materials that are preceded by the capitalized word READ.) CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION Bill of Rights in Action Fall 2007 (Volume 23, No. Start studying Justice as Fairness (John Rawls). Social justice refers to the wish of modern societies for this distribution to be equal, fair and reasonable. 67, No. This book originated as lectures for a course on political philosophy that Rawls taught regularly at Harvard in the 1980s. John Rawls tried to find the balance between liberty and equality in a set of moral principles, which he argues in A Theory of Justice. JUSTICE AS FAIRNESS By John Rawls (1971) The Main Idea of The Theory of Justice My aim is to present a conception of justice which generalizes and carries to a higher level of abstraction the familiar theory of the social contract as found, say, in Locke, Rousseau, and Kant. The book Justice as Fairness was an improved and shorter presentation of Rawlsâ theory, published 2001 with editorial support by Erin Kelly, one of his former students. The first significant and unique contribution to the study of Ethics by an American has been that of John Rawls, a Professor of Philosophy at Harvard University. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. John Rawls (b. 1921, d. 2002) was an American political philosopher in the liberal tradition. John Bordley Rawls (/ r ÉË l z /; February 21, 1921 â November 24, 2002) was an American moral and political philosopher in the liberal tradition. In time the lectures became a restatement of his theory of justice as fairness, revised in light of his more recent papers and his treatise Political Liberalism (1993). One of the 20 centuryâs main response was John Rawlsâ theory of justice, âJustice as fairnessâ, in the book A Theory of Justice, published 1971. Justice as Fairness was released in the final years of Rawls' life and gives an updated statement of his ideas laid out in A Theory of Justice and other writings. Justice as Fairness. 2. 3) Justice The Whiskey Rebellion and the New American Republic | Cicero: Defender of the Roman Republic | "Justice as Fairnes, Many consider John Rawls the most important political philosopher of the 20th century.