Mound up at planting time; you can always mulch heavily later on. Hi Stephan, we aren't aware of those varieties being available in NZ but some suggestions are: Red Rascal for Kerrs Pink and Ilam Hardy, Agria, Summer Delight for the other floury varieties. (Provisionally protected by NZ PVR.) First early or ‘new’ potatoes are so-called because they are the earliest to crop, in June. Flavour is also influenced. 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HIGH YIELDING EARLY WASHING AND PRE-PACKING POTATO WITH EXCELLENT TASTE. The variety within the bag will change depending on what variety the grower assesses to be the best option at that time. Three favourite varieties are: Agria: a main crop potato with long oval shaped with yellow flesh it is a great all rounder. The growing and packing of seed potatoes is carried out on farms within the area of the Canterbury Plains. Taking a leaf from his book, I hired a rotary hoe to prepare my trial bed – the same bed in which I grew 26 carrot varieties in 2012, hundreds of cloves of garlic in 2013 and close to half a tonne of pumpkins last summer, with cover crops of mustard in between – and got my husband to help. Best 11 Potato Varieties to Grow at Home Whether you’re craving a waxy yellow-fleshed spud, a thin-skinned red, or something white or … Use waxy potatoes for boiling as floury potatoes will not hold together when boiled and will not make a good salad. Main variety potatoes are ready to harvest after their flowers die back (usually 3-4 months after planting). Potatoes are swollen underground stems, called tubers. The secret behind exactly when to start them off lies in the timing of your last expected frost date. The more water, the more waxy the potato is in texture. They take 10-12 weeks to mature. This testing is undertaken through UK National List testing and the AHDB Potatoes-funded Independent Variety Trials (IVT) programme. You can still eat them as earlies by digging them up while the plants are actively growing, but if you want the tubers to store for any length of time you need to let the plants die right down before harvesting so the skins have hardened and cured. Flavoured with nostalgia, perhaps? The most common varieties available would be Agria, Fianna and Red Jackets. These can be ready as soon as 10 to 12 weeks after planting. Full sun. We dug in an actual truckload of compost, dug spade-deep trenches, sprinkled in some Nitrophoska Blue fertiliser, then laid the seed potatoes out in long rows and mounded them up. Your plant centre or seed potato supplier (be it via a farmers’ market or online) may include a number of potato varieties. © 2020 and Design: Potatoes New Zealand. 'Cliff Kidney' (8.7kg yield): If you want itty-bitty baby potatoes for salads, dig 'Cliff Kidney' after 60-70 days. This database provides data on GB-certified potato varieties that have undergone independent resistance testing for key pests and diseases. I aim to get all my potatoes dug before we go away for the holidays, and in doing so avoid issues with both blight and the late summer plague of tomato-potato psyllids. Pretty on the plate, it has firm white flesh and consistently sized tubers, with not too many tiddlers. I liked it a lot. Susceptible to potato virus Yo. When I interviewed Pukekohe potato grower Maurice Balle on Get Growing last spring he told me it's best to plant potatoes in rows running from north to south, so the morning sun warms one side of the mound, and the afternoon sun the other. The white, waxy flesh has good flavour. The oval tubers have cream flesh. They don’t absorb a lot of oil or dressing. No. First early potatoes. Incorporate a specialised potato fertiliser or other high-potassium fertiliser into the bottom of the trenches and cover with a layer of soil. Early potato varieties have been bred for waxy flesh and quick growth. Alex McDonald and its contracted seed potato growers produce high health seed potatoes for the New Zealand fresh market, crisping and french-fry sectors. The humble potato is a staple on many dinner tables around New Zealand. In my grandfather's day, the main croppers were planted when the earlies were harvested – largely to save space, I suspect – but there's no reason why you can't plant all your potatoes at the same time. Organic varieties Currently available Show only these categories: Early Season Potatoes (16) Log in to order ... Redsen unavailable, check back later no Early Season Potatoes 7705 If you miss Sangre as much as we do, try Redsen, a cunning all-purpose early potato. Some potatoes can be used for both boiling and roasting. Learn more. But are they really the pick of the early crop? Main crop potatoes such as 'Agria' take up to 150 days to fully mature. Varieties which tend to be general purpose are Rua, Desiree, Moonlight, Rocket, Van Rosa, Karaka, Driver, Vivaldi, Purple Passion, Maris Anchor and Summer Delight.*. There is a lot of interest in different potato varieties. Van Rosa. tuberosum and andigena) cultivated by Māori people, especially those grown before New Zealand was colonised by the British.. Māori have grown potatoes for at least 200 years, and "taewa" refers collectively to some traditional varieties, including Karuparerā, Huakaroro, Raupī, Moemoe, and Tūtae-kurī. Sprouting spuds is as simple as laying them out on newspaper or in egg cartons in a warm room, out of direct sunlight (so they don't turn green). The foliage dies down after 120 days; by then the skins have cured nicely for storage. However, the soil in this part of my garden is quite heavy and sticky, and adding a truckload of compost a year makes a world of difference in gradually improving it. Its early (80-90 days) tubers seemed to naturally repel dirt, coming out of the soil clean as a whistle. Grow in bags, containers or in the ground. 'Maris Anchor' (9.3kg yield): 'Maris Anchor' is more of a chorus line spud than a limelight stealer. 'Desiree' (9kg yield): Pink-skinned 'Desiree' is traditionally grown as a main crop, requiring a longer growing time of 90-100 days. Its only downside is purely aesthetic: the tubers have creamy-yellow flesh, rather than white. Seed potatoes are also grown for markets in the South Pacific and Thailand. HIGHLY POPULAR, MULTI-PURPOSE POTATO WITH EXCELLENT TASTE, VERY SUITABLE FOR PRE-PACKING AND PROCESSING INTO FRENCH FRIES AND CRISPS. Don't overdo it – 5-10mm sprouts are ideal – otherwise you might accidentally dislodge these growing tips when they're buried in the soil. More floury than waxy, I dug it after 90 days; leave to die down for storage. It's a good idea to chit these varieties before planting, allowing them to produce long shoots from which the plants will grow. First early seed potatoes from our range of seed potato varieties that grow very well in our climate Not all potatoes show such a range of characteristics. Apr 15, 2020 - Explore Lara Cares's board "Potato varieties in New Zealand", followed by 349 people on Pinterest. For mashing, wedges, roasting, chips and baking use floury potatoes. There are more than 50 varieties grown in New Zealand. These potatoes fall into the general purpose category and will tend to perform most tasks, although perhaps with not as good results as the ones which clearly fall into the floury or waxy categories. For more like this, subscribe to NZ Gardener at mags4gifts.co.nz, To purchase the NZ Gardener special edition, 'Homegrown Potatoes: A practical guide to growing spuds & root crops', phone 09 909 6897. Even after 80 days, the tubers were far too big to boil whole. Solanaceae (Potato and tomato family) Soil. I was impressed by both 'Purple Passion''s yield and average tuber size. Conditions throughout the season can also vary the texture of potatoes. "Ariel" The growing season is 65-70 days, but they start digging up roots earlier. an Ilam Hardy early in the season (October) is quite waxy. Second Early Potatoes. In addition there are varieties which have limited and/or localised supplies. Heirloom potatoes that were grown in the past and some are still grown today. medium early potato varieties (60–80 days), mid-season potato varieties (80–100 days), medium late potato varieties (100–120 days), late potato varieties (120 days or more). Floury potatoes are low in water content and high in starch. Each seed potato yielded an average 1.5kg return after 90 days, or about a dozen decent tubers (compare that to the measly 470g yield per plant from everybody's darling, 'Jersey Benne', my surprise wooden spooner). Larger potatoes can be cut as long as there are at least 3 eyes on each cut piece. Digging them is like hunting for buried treasure, as they're so hard to spot in the soil! Trees exclusively available from Waimea Nurseries. Potatoes, often called spuds, are native to the Andes in South America. Learn more. Home vege gardeners are generally told to dig trenches and mound up soil on top of their seed potatoes, but in market gardens the seed spuds are nestled half-way up the furrowed mounds. I dug mine at 90 days, by which time the tops had died and the tubers were bigger. 'Rudolph' (10.2kg yield): Not so much red-nosed as red-skinned, this new white-fleshed variety has large tubers that are delicious baked in their skins (even when new and waxy). Some potatoes can be used for most end uses. 'Purple Heart' (7.2kg): Not a great yield but a great novelty, with squid-ink skins and violet flesh. Early potatoes are planted at a time of year when the soil is still chilly, so sprouting or "chitting" your seed potatoes first also helps break their dormancy and guard against rot. Another shy flowerer. An early bulking variety with good all-round disease resistance, well suited to the early processing market. Early harvest waxy potato suitable for boiling, salads, casseroles, soups. It is important to remember both are different when cooked. A versatile all-rounder. Potatoes referred to as “new” don’t really have their own type, but rather, they are harvested early when they are small. 'Osprey' (11kg yield): With pink polka-dot eyes, 'Osprey' is an attractive early/mid-season potato that's quick to crop, with fewer, but uniformly larger, tubers with clean white flesh. Early or main crop - which varieties are you going to plant this season? Small, new potatoes. These good all-rounders have moderate starch content and are not too floury, not too waxy – they sit between the two ends of the spectrum. First, because this main crop variety grows like it's on a diet of illegal steroids (at 80 days, the tubers average 200-300g each, with my biggest single spud tipping the scales at 650g), so it's best grown as a winter keeper rather than a Christmas cropper. Typically you will receive 6-10 potatoes per kg for our Early Season Varieties. Harvest approximately 13 weeks from planting. Bred by Roy Hart. 'Rudolph' is a new white-fleshed variety with large tubers that are delicious baked in their skins (even when new and waxy). These are superearly varieties that ripen in 45-55 days after germination. Even though I dug these creamy-fleshed earlies quite late (because they were in the back row), the flesh was still waxy after 100 days. Most, but not all, varieties of early crop potatoes come into flower before they are ready to harvest. For consistent results buy potatoes by End Use** rather than variety. "I am a man of simple tastes," wrote Oscar Wilde. The variety of the potato is generally marked on the packaging either on a neck tie or by a sticker. Early varieties take between 60-100 days from planting to harvest, and generally produce smaller yields. A mid season Ilam Hardy is a good general purpose potato, while towards the end of the season a lot more of the natural sugars have converted to starch, so it tends to be floury. Location. Pale yellow flesh. This is a list of potato varieties or cultivars.Potato cultivars can have a range of colors due … Many gardeners wait for the first shoots to emerge before mounding up, then continue to mound up during the season, but that's just making extra work for yourself – plus you run the risk of disturbing the developing tubers in the soil. "I'm always satisfied with the best.". There are three key types of potatoes, first early, second early and maincrop. All-purpose potato suitable for boiling, roasting, salads. If planting … Early Season Varieties. Flavoured with nostalgia, perhaps? 'Karaka' (10.5kg yield): Good sized tubers, and lots of them. susceptible to Powdery scab, Blackleg, Bruising and potato … The key factor governing the time for planting all potatoes is the date of the last frost in your area. What-potatoes were our ancestors eating? For boiling, salads, braises and stews use waxy, smooth textured potatoes. Look for varieties of ‘first early’ potatoes, which are the quickest growing of the lot. 'Van Rosa' (8kg yield): Redder than 'Rudolph', this traditional main cropper needs at least 90-100 days to fatten up. For this reason, keep a record of your planting dates so you know when you can start bandicooting those baby tubers. The longer it's in, the bigger they get. 'Rocket' (10.5kg yield): Impatient for waxy new season's spuds? In New Zealand there are over 200 potato growers and the growing area is 10,591 hectares. * Some potatoes can be used for most end uses. Small, new potatoes. Feeding. Waxy potatoes have a high water content and are low in starch. Like most common vegetables eaten today, potatoes came to New Zealand from Britain and by 1880 they were a staple part of the early settlers’ diet. First Early Potatoes Plant first early potatoes between the end of February and late May. Not a huge yielder but firm and tasty. Swift potatoes are the earliest of the first early potatoes and they are ready for harvest, if conditions are correct, 10 weeks after the seed potatoes are planted. Heather: this main crop potato has a distinctive purple skin, it is oval shaped with white flesh and like Agria is versatile in its range of uses. Weather, climate and soil have a dramatic effect on the cooking performance of a potato e.g. And second, because I planted a 1kg bag of seed potatoes for each of the other varieties, but put in 25kg of 'Summer Delight' to see my family through the year. I'd never heard of this early pearler before I planted it, so I was amazed to discover, on harvesting it, that 'Liseta' was streets ahead of every other spud in my trial. Super Early Potatoes . A good keeper. There are over 50 varieties grown in New Zealand. Not all varieties flower – some early varieties don’t have flowers or are ready to harvest once they flower. There are two main parts of a potato – water and starch. Indeed, I recommend it, because an early start means even the slowest growers will be ready to harvest by January. Additionally, some other mid-season potato varieties to choose from are: Catalina; Chieftain; French Fingerling; Gold Rush; Ida Rose Ultra early. 'Arran Banner' (7.9kg): These Scottish heirloom earlies are ready to dig in 70-80 days. They have a dry and delicate texture, break up easily when cooked and absorb a lot of liquid and flavour. Let us consider in more detail the ultra early, early and middle early potato varieties on the market. Amora : Amora will produce high yields of uniform, oval tubers with yellow skins and flesh. They produce a fruit on the top, which is poisonous. POTATO VARIETIES AND HOW THEY COOK This is a general guide to show how specific potato varieties typically cook. When buying potatoes from the supermarket you’ll only have a handful of choice and more often than not, the variety isn’t even identified. Something in the soil, for sure. The flesh is creamy yellow, like 'Agria', and suits baking, roasting and mashing. As the season progresses a potato changes e.g. The more starch in the potato the more ‘floury’ it is. These good all-rounders have a moderate starch content and are not too floury, not too waxy. There are two reasons why I decided not to include my favourite spud variety, 'Summer Delight', in this spring trial. Varieties which tend to be waxy are most early, new season potatoes; Nadine, Draga, Frisia, Jersey Bennie, Red King Edward, Highlander, Osprey, Tiffany, Annabelle, Gourmandine and Marilyn. Plant up from March to late May. Approved Tissue Culture & Mini-Tuber Facilities, NZ Seed Potato Certification Guides & Rules, Potato texture changes throughout the year, Potatoes NZ Newsletter #102 – November 2020, 2020: The year that proved our industry’s resilience and agility. Similarly, if you try and mash a waxy potato your mash will be gluey. With soft skins, they don't keep well, so just harvest enough for dinner. Plant 30cm apart, with 60cm between rows, around 12cm deep. Find information here on 50 heirloom potato varieties. Some potatoes have moderate amounts of starch. Plant up from the end of February to late May. Potatoes (Early) Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Parentage Quarta x Semlo Breeder Kartoffelzucht Böhm, Germany Breeder's Representative Agrico, Netherlands Maturity Early main to main crop Yield Very high Tubers Large to very large tubers Long oval shape To determine which category a potato falls into, the percentage of dry matter is measured – in other words, the percentage within the potato which is not water. Growers cook test potatoes to assess how they perform when cooked. The slightly oval tubers came out nice and clean and 'Liseta' is lovely to eat, with firm, tasty flesh. Use frost cloth or sheets of newspaper. Early varieties take between 60-100 days from planting to harvest, and generally produce smaller yields. It didn't grab my attention for any particular reason, but produced a consistent crop of white-fleshed, waxy tubers. Many varieties are grown in New Zealand, however, there are about 10 to 12 varieties which are ‘common’ and readily available. First earlies are ideal for planting in potato grow bags or large The aforementioned Russet Burbank is an example of just such a variety and is ready for harvest after about 95 days. The plants were healthy and quick-growing (dig after 70-80 days). Fertile, well drained soil that has not been amended with manure for at least 6 months. Compact habit. Varieties which tend to be floury are IIam Hardy, Red Rascal, Agria (and related varieties Bolesta and Markies), Fianna, Victoria, Laura, Marabel.*. Frost tolerant. Frosted potato foliage turns black and mushy. But when I dug them up, I couldn't fit them all into my willow weighing basket! a Southland grown Nadine may be very waxy while a Pukekohe grown Nadine may be only slightly waxy. This vigorous, disease-resistant potato has leafy tops that grow almost twice as tall as most of its comrades. Good size smooth fruit with sweet mild flavour. (Or, at a pinch, 'Cliff Kidney'.) The next step is to dig 20cm deep trenches across the plot, spaced a generous 60cm apart. I really rate 'Rocket'. 'Red Rascal' is healthy and prolific with white-fleshed, oval tubers with skins of dark pink to pale red. Delicious! 'Allura' (11.3kg yield): If you want lush rows of good-looking potato plants with pretty purple flowers as well as a cracker haul of early (80 days) tubers with firm, flavoursome flesh, then 'Allura' ticks all the boxes. See more ideas about Potato varieties, Potatoes, Food. First early seed potatoes are planted between February and April and normally harvested in June and July, prior to other varieties. 'Red King' (9kg yield): 'Red King' is predominantly grown as a main crop variety rather than an early – and I can see why. This helps to protect the seed potatoes from rotting in cold, wet soil, Maurice explained, and encourages rapid growth early in the season because the soil in the mounds is that much warmer. Web Design by Activate. Don't wait for the plants to flower because they most likely won't! Follow our potato growing guide to plant Tui Certified Seed Potatoes in garden beds or containers, and you'll be harvesting a bumper crop of homegrown potatoes this season. The old rule that you can harvest potatoes anytime after flowering doesn't hold true for earlies, as most are shy to flower. 'Liseta' was a dark horse because its leafy tops were fairly small, giving no indication as to what lay beneath. Potatoes can be classed as first earlies, second earlies, or maincrop. Early (new) varieties of potato can be harvested earlier compared to maincrop potato varieties. Māori potatoes or taewa are varieties of potato (Solanum tuberosum subsp. Early Season Varieties should be ready to harvest 50-70 days after planting. But the flavour, oh, the flavour! PRESS RELEASE 4th November 2020: MBIE to investigate fries threat. It's not advisable to add too much compost or fresh manure to potato trenches (use it as a mulch instead), because if it's not sufficiently rotted it can burn the sprouted eyes off the seed potatoes, as well as making the tubers vulnerable to scab if the soil pH is too high.
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